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A video lesson from the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Practice Course which practices the 69 topics of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Theory Course.

This is the 27th Spanish lesson in the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Practice Course. This is an interactive Spanish video where you have the opportunity to practice Spanish at pre-intermediate level with a native Spanish speaker.

In this interactive Spanish video lesson we will be looking at how to use the Spanish adverbs Ya (already), Aún no (not yet), and Todavía no (not yet) with El Pretérito Perfecto. El Pretérito Perfecto is the equivalent of the Present Perfect in English, the tense that is used to describe things that “have been done” – for example – “I have worked a lot this summer” is “He trabajado mucho este verano”. This is the final video in a series of five video lessons on the topic of the Spanish Present Perfect El Pretérito Perfecto, which is a fundamental Spanish grammar tense and one that you will use a lot in everyday conversation.

Please try to watch the video first before looking at the lesson notes. Answers to all tasks involved in the lesson will be given at the end of the post. Try not to look at the answers until you have tried a good few times to give your own responses.

This lesson practices the information taught in Pre-Intermediate Spanish Lesson 27: Practising Ya, Aún no, and Todavía no with El Pretérito Perfecto from my Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course.

Lesson notes:

Contesta las preguntas usando “ya” si la respuesta es positiva y “aún no” o “todavía no” si la respuesta es negativa:

Answer the following questions using “ya” if the answer is positive and “aún no” or “todavía no” if the answer is negative. For example, if I say “¿Has terminado el libro?” and afterwards I say “Sí”, you should say “Sí, ya he terminado el libro” which means “yes, I have already finished the book”. If I say “no” you should say “No, todavía no he terminado el libro” or “No, aún no he terminado el libro” which means “No, I haven´t finished the book yet” or “ I still haven´t finished the book”:

1. ¿Ha llegado Juan? No
2.¿Has comido? Sí
3. ¿Habéis comprado la fruta? Sí
4. ¿Han estado David y Carla en Barcelona? No
5. ¿Ha hecho usted la cena? Sí
6. ¿Han visto ustedes a Marcelo? No
7. ¿Ha estudiado hoy Enrique? No
8. ¿Has trabajado hoy? Sí

Ahora haz algunas frases diciéndome lo que has hecho y lo que no has hecho hoy utilizando “ya”, “aún no” y “todavía no”:

Now make a few sentences telling me what you have and haven´t done today using “ya”, “aún no” and “todavía no”:



1. No, todavía no ha llegado
2. Sí, ya he comido
3. Sí, ya hemos comprado la fruta
4. No, aún no han estado en Barcelona
5. Sí, ya he hecho la cena
6. No, todavía no hemos visto a Marcelo
7. No, aún no ha estudiado hoy
8. Sí, ya he trabajado hoy

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