Select Page

This is the fifth and final of my Spanish Parallel Texts with Spanish audio about Spanish city Córdoba in southern Spain.

Here I am talking about The Córdoba Mosque (“La mezquita de Córdoba”) which is one of the most beautiful and fascinating buildings in all of Spain. You may have seen photos of its famous red and white striped interior arches. Córdoba was under Muslim rule during the years 716 to 1236 and the Muslim influences are still clear to see throughout the city. The Córdoba mosque was the second-largest mosque in the world when it was built in 784 AD. It was a striking symbol of Muslim power in Europe and today is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of the “Umayyad” dynasty. By the tenth century Córdoba was one of the largest and most prosperous cities in Europe.

Try your best to listen to my Spanish audio a few times first to see how much you understand and then after one of two listens you can check first the Spanish text and afterwards the English text. Don’t go straight for the easy option of listening and reading and especially try not to concentrate too heavily on the English translation.

Spanish Parallel Texts: Córdoba City Guide (Parte 5) La mezquita de Córdoba

Cordoba (Parte 5)

In Spanish:

Córdoba fue objeto de invasiones frecuentes y cada oleada conquistadora añadió su propia marca a la arquitectura de la ciudad. La que fuera Mezquita de Córdoba es ahora una catedral católica romana. Fue construida originalmente como la iglesia cristiana visigoda de San Vicente en el año 600 dC aproximadamente y más tarde fue remodelada como una mezquita en el año 784 dC, tras la conquista musulmana. Se convirtió en la segunda mezquita más grande del mundo y hoy en día es considerada uno de los monumentos más destacados de la dinastía omeya.

Córdoba llegó a su cenit bajo Abd al-Rahman III en el siglo X, uno de los grandes gobernantes de la historia islámica. Córdoba fue una de las mayores y más prósperas ciudades de Europa, incluso más prestigiosa que Bizancio y Bagdad, en términos de ciencia, cultura y arte. En 1236, Córdoba fue reconquistada a los musulmanes por el rey Fernando III de Castilla y la mezquita fue consagrada de nuevo. Alfonso X supervisó la construcción de La Capilla Villaviciosa y la Capilla Real dentro de la estructura de la mezquita. Los reyes siguientes añadieron más rasgos cristianos. La modificación más significativa fue la construcción de una nave de catedral renacentista en el centro de la estructura, con el permiso de Carlos V.

Hay muchos otros edificios muy interesantes para visitar en Córdoba y estos incluyen el Alcázar (una fortaleza construida por los cristianos en 1328), el Fuerte de Calahorra (construido por los árabes para proteger el Puente Romano) y la antigua sinagoga judía, ahora un museo. El barrio medieval de Córdoba se llama La Judería y fue una vez el hogar de la comunidad judía. Se trata de un fascinante laberinto de estrechas y sinuosas calles, patios y bonitas plazas como La Plaza del Potro.

In English:

Córdoba was subject to frequent invasions and each conquering wave added their own mark to the city’s architecture. The former “Mezquita” (mosque) of Córdoba is now a Roman Catholic cathedral. It was originally built as the Christian Visigoth church of St Vincent in approximately 600 AD and then refashioned as a mosque in 784 AD after the Muslim conquest. It became the second-largest mosque in the world and today is regarded as one of the most accomplished monuments of the “Umayyad” dynasty.

Córdoba reached its zenith under Abd ar-Rahman III in the tenth century, one of the great rulers of Islamic history. Córdoba was one of the largest, most prosperous cities of Europe, even more prestigious than Byzantium and Baghdad in terms of science, culture and art. In 1236, Córdoba was recaptured from the Muslims by King Ferdinand III of Castile and the mosque was reconsecrated. Alfonso X oversaw the construction of the “Villaviciosa” Chapel and the Royal Chapel within the structure of the mosque. The kings who followed added further Christian features. The most significant alteration was the construction of a Renaissance cathedral nave in the middle of the structure by permission of Carlos V.

There are many other very interesting buildings to visit in Córdoba and these include the “Alcazar” (a fortress built by the Christians in 1328), the “Calahorra Fort” (built by the Arabs to guard the Roman Bridge) and the ancient Jewish Synagogue, now a museum. Córdoba’s medieval quarter is called “La Judería” and was once the home of the Jewish community. It is a fascinating labyrinth of narrow, winding streets, courtyards and lovely squares such as “La Plaza del Potro”.

Subscribe to our newsletter

 

 

Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from The Spanish Blog.

You have Successfully Subscribed!

Pin It on Pinterest