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This is the second in a series of five Spanish English Parallel Texts with Spanish audio about Spanish city Córdoba in southern Spain.

Here you will hear and read about the fascinating history of Córdoba. From way back in Roman times when Córdoba was the capital of Roman Hispania and of great importance strategically and artistically, through the years under Muslim rule when Córdoba became even more advanced politically and economically and on to the years after the Christian Reconquest of the city in 1236. Córdoba has always played a central role in Spanish history and it is clear to see there all of the many cultural influences that have shaped its path through the ages.

Try your best to listen to my Spanish audio a few times first to see how much you understand and then after one of two listens you can check first the Spanish text and afterwards the English text. Don’t go straight for the easy option of listening and reading and especially try not to concentrate too heavily on the English translation.

Spanish English Parallel Texts: Córdoba Parte 2 Historia

Cordoba (Parte 2)

In Spanish:

Córdoba fue una ciudad de gran importancia durante la época romana y fue la capital de la provincia romana “Hispania Ulterior Baetica”. Algunos de los más grandes filósofos, oradores y poetas romanos vinieron de la Córdoba romana. En el año 716 la ciudad fue capturada por los musulmanes y en el siglo X, fue una de las ciudades más avanzadas del mundo, así como un gran centro cultural, político y económico. En 1236 Córdoba fue tomada por el rey Fernando III en La Reconquista española.

La denominación Reconquista se utiliza para definir el período de 800 años en la Edad Media cuando los reinos cristianos de la Península Ibérica lograron retomar la Península Ibérica de los musulmanes. La conquista islámica del reino cristiano visigodo en el siglo VIII se extendió sobre casi toda la península, con la excepción de algunas partes de Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria y el País Vasco. En el siglo XIII todo lo que quedaba era el Reino Nazarí de Granada. Este fue conquistado en 1492 y toda la península quedó bajo el liderazgo cristiano.

La evidencia de la ocupación musulmana puede ser más manifiesta en la Mezquita de Córdoba. Las columnas se remontan a las épocas romana y visigoda, pero el edificio fue construido principalmente durante el periodo del Califato Omeya (desde el año 784 aproximadamente) y fue una de las mezquitas más grandes del mundo en ese momento. Más adelante volvió a tener su uso original como Iglesia después de la Reconquista y hoy en día es una catedral católica y la iglesia principal de la diócesis de Córdoba.

In English:

Córdoba was of huge importance during Roman times and was the capital of the Roman province of “Hispania Ulterior Baetica”. Some of the greatest Roman philosophers, orators and poets came from Roman Córdoba. In 716 the city was captured by the Muslims and by the tenth century, it was one of the most advanced cities in the world, as well as a great cultural, political and economic centre. In 1236 Córdoba was captured by King Ferdinand III during the Spanish “Reconquista”.

“Reconquista” means “Reconquest” or “Recapture” and is used to define the period of 800 years in the Middle Ages when Christian kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula succeeded in retaking the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslims. The Islamic conquest of the Christian Visigoth kingdom in the eighth century extended over almost the entire peninsula, with the exception of parts of Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria and the Basque Country. By the thirteenth century all that remained was the “Nasrid” kingdom of Granada. This was conquered in 1492 and the entire peninsula was brought under Christian leadership.

Evidence of the Muslim occupation can be most clearly seen in the Córdoba Mosque. Columns date back to the Roman and Visigothic periods, but the building was primarily constructed during the Islamic “Umayyad” period (from about 784) and was one of the largest mosques in the world at the time. It was later converted back its original use as a Church after the “Reconquista” and today it is a Roman Catholic Cathedral and the main church of the diocese of Córdoba.

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