This is the second in a series of five English to Spanish Parallel Texts with Spanish audio about Spanish city Barcelona in Cataluña and here we look at Barcelona History. Barcelona is an amazing Spanish city in so many ways and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Spain. Barcelona has everything really that you could wish for in a tourist destination: close proximity to the coast with beautiful beaches, great restaurants and bars, good weather (though not as hot as you might think), a hustling and bustling modern city, culture, art, history, etc, etc. English to Spanish Parallel Texts are a fantastic way to practice your Spanish. You can listen to my Spanish audio and see how much you understand and then after one of two listens you can check first the Spanish text and afterwards the English text. Try to push yourself not to go straight for the easy option of listening and reading and especially try not to concentrate too heavily on the English translation. Remember that you cannot always translate everything literally and you have to go with the flow of the Spanish version primarily. We have already looked at lots more other Spanish cities in this English to Spanish Parallel Texts Course so far and all of the lessons are available completely FREE on the website.

Parallel Texts Barcelona Parte 2 Historia

In Spanish:

Sobre el 15 aC Barcelona fue una pequeña colonia romana con el nombre de “Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Barcino Pia”. En un primer momento fue eclipsada por su vecina Tarragona, pero poco a poco se enriqueció y creció en importancia debido a su magnífica ubicación y a su excelente puerto. La planificación de la red distintiva romana sigue siendo claramente visible en la actualidad en el diseño del casco antiguo de Barcelona y algunos fragmentos que quedan de la muralla romana son visibles en la catedral de la ciudad, que se dice que fue fundada en el año 343.

Barcelona fue conquistada por los visigodos en el siglo V y por los moros en el siglo VIII. El condado de Barcelona fue creado por Carlomagno (rey de los francos), después de haber conquistado las tierras al norte del río Ebro. Él creó La Marca Hispánica y dividió estas tierras en varios condados, de los cuales el condado de Barcelona se convirtió en el dominante. “La Marca Hispánica” en sentido amplio se refiere al grupo de los primeros condados ibéricos creados por los francos, de los que Andorra es el único que queda con autonomía. Con el tiempo, estos condados se fusionaron o se independizaron de la dominación imperial de los francos.

Los condes de Barcelona se hicieron cada vez más independientes y ampliaron su territorio para incluir toda Cataluña. En 1137, Aragón y el condado de Barcelona se fusionaron a través del matrimonio de Ramón Berenguer IV y Petronila de Aragón y su hijo Alfonso II de Aragón, que subió al trono en 1162. Sus territorios fueron más tarde conocidos como la Corona de Aragón que conquistó y dominó el Mediterráneo occidental con los territorios periféricos de Nápoles y Sicilia e incluso tan lejos como Atenas en el siglo XIII. El conde de Barcelona fue el gobernante más importante de Cataluña desde el siglo IX hasta el siglo XVII.

In English:

In about 15 BC Barcelona was a small Roman colony with the name “Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino”. At first it was eclipsed by neighbouring Tarragona, but gradually grew in wealth and importance due to its wonderful location and excellent harbour. The distinctive Roman grid planning is still clearly visible today in the layout of Barcelona’s old quarter and some remaining fragments of the Roman walls are visible in the city cathedral, said to have been founded in 343.

Barcelona was conquered by the Visigoths in the early fifth century and by the Moors in the early eighth century. The county of Barcelona was created by Charlemagne (Charles the Great, King of the Franks) after he had conquered the lands north of the river “Ebro”. He created “La Marca Hispanica” and partitioned these lands into various counties, of which the county of Barcelona became dominant. “La Marca Hispanica” broadly refers to a group of early Iberian counties created by the Franks, of which Andorra is the sole autonomous survivor. As time passed, these counties merged or gained independence from Frankish imperial rule.

The counts of Barcelona became increasingly independent and expanded their territory to include all of Catalonia. In 1137, Aragon and the county of Barcelona merged through the marriage of Ramon Berenguer IV and Petronilla of Aragon and their son Alfonso II of Aragon who took the throne in 1162. His territories were later to be known as the Crown of Aragon which conquered and ruled the western Mediterranean Sea with outlying territories in Naples and Sicily and as far as Athens in the thirteenth century. The count of Barcelona was the major ruler in Catalonia from the 9th until the 17th century.

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