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This lesson is part of the Advanced Spanish Course

In this Advanced Spanish video lesson we will investigate direct and indirect Spanish object pronouns – Los pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto. This is the first in a series of three Spanish lessons on the topic. We have covered this topic already in the Intermediate Spanish Course, but now we will delve much deeper and uncover the finer details regarding Spanish pronouns. A “Pronoun” is basically a shorter and quicker substitute for a noun. English pronouns include “he” and “she” and “what” and “that”, which would be replaced by more words or much longer words if pronouns weren’t available. Direct Object Pronouns are those pronouns that represent the noun directly acted upon by the verb and Indirect Object Pronouns represent the noun that is the recipient of the verb’s action. One of the biggest challenges to the Spanish Student is distinguishing between Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns as they have similar functions and are themselves the same in the first and second person familiar forms. Spanish Pronouns as very similar to English Pronouns, except for the major difference that Spanish Pronouns have gender. They can fulfill any similar role in a sentence to a noun and some vary in form depending on whether they’re used as a subject or an object. In English, we use the same pronouns for both direct and indirect objects. It is important to remember that in Spanish, whenever an indirect object is used, the pronoun must be present even if the indirect object is expressed in some other way.

Lesson notes:

Vamos a hablar de los complementos de objeto directo e indirecto. Seguro que ya los conocéis y los usáis, pero existen tres reglas que quizá nunca hayáis oído y que son importantes para hablar español como un hablante nativo.

En esta clase vamos a ver la primera regla:

1. En español se usa un pronombre de objeto indirecto cuando este objeto indirecto está en la frase. El pronombre de objeto indirecto no se usa sólo para substituir a este cuando no aparece en la frase, sino que también se usa cuando aparece el objeto indirecto.

Por ejemplo: Si yo he comprado un libro a María, digo “Le he comprado un libro a María”, si no dices “le” no suena bien, suena raro.

Otros ejemplos:
“Luis me ha escrito una carta a mí.”
“Les he contado lo que me ha pasado a Carmen y a Patricia.”
“Te he regalado el libro a ti.”
“Le voy a comprar un ramo de flores a mi madre”.
“Les he preparado la cena a mis hijos”.

También lo usamos cuando ponernos el pronombre detrás del verbo:

“Dales el balón a los niños.”
“Vamos a llevarle un regalo a Cristina.”
“Quiero comprarte algo a ti”
“No le cuentes tu secreto a Antonio, cuéntamelo a mí”
“Estoy escribiéndole a mi hermano un correo electrónico”.

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