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This lesson is part of the Advanced Spanish Course

In this Advanced Spanish video lesson we will learn more about direct and indirect Spanish object pronouns – Los pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto. This is the second in a series of three Spanish lessons on the topic. We have covered this topic already in the Intermediate Spanish Course, but now we will delve much deeper and uncover the finer details regarding Spanish pronouns. A “Pronoun” is basically a shorter and quicker substitute for a noun. English pronouns include “he” and “she” and “what” and “that”, which would be replaced by more words or much longer words if pronouns weren’t available. Direct Object Pronouns are those pronouns that represent the noun directly acted upon by the verb and Indirect Object Pronouns represent the noun that is the recipient of the verb’s action. One of the biggest challenges to the Spanish Student is distinguishing between Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns as they have similar functions and are themselves the same in the first and second person familiar forms. Spanish Pronouns as very similar to English Pronouns, except for the major difference that Spanish Pronouns have gender. They can fulfill any similar role in a sentence to a noun and some vary in form depending on whether they’re used as a subject or an object. In English, we use the same pronouns for both direct and indirect objects. It is important to remember that in Spanish, whenever an indirect object is used, the pronoun must be present even if the indirect object is expressed in some other way.

Lesson notes:

Vamos a continuar con la segunda de tres reglas sobre los pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto:

2. Con el pronombre objeto directo no pasa lo mismo. Si la frase tiene un orden normal: sujeto + verbo + complementos, sólo lo usamos para substituir al objeto directo que no aparece en la frase.

Entonces es incorrecto decir “Lo he comprado un libro”, solamente es posible “He comprado un libro” o “Lo he comprado”. Pero es obligatorio el uso del pronombre cuando el objeto directo aparece delante del verbo.

Por ejemplo: “A mi madre la llamo todos los días”, no puedes decir “A mi madre llamo todos los días”. La función del pronombre “la” en este caso no es substituir al objeto directo, sino precisar y aclarar.

Otros ejemplos:

“Los libros los he dejado encima de la mesa”
“La carta la enviaremos mañana”
“La tortilla de patatas la cocina muy bien mi madre”
“Mi vestido lo he comprado en esta tienda”
“Los deberes no los he terminado”
“Todos los envases de plástico los debes reciclar”
“Estas revistas las voy a tirar a la basura, son muy viejas”
“El vino no lo compramos, nos lo regalaron”
“Estas sillas las pondrán en el salón”
“Los zapatos siempre se los quita al entrar en casa”

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