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This lesson is part of the Advanced Spanish Course

In this advanced level Spanish lesson we will look at various Latin expressions – expresiones latinas – that are commonly used in Spanish such as Ipso facto, A grosso modo and In situ. This Spanish video lesson is the first part in a series of two video lessons on the topic. Latin is the language from which the Romance languages formed. Spanish is one of the major Romance languages, along with French, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian. Romance languages are also sometimes known as Romanic languages or Neo-Latin languages. Spanish is now by far the most widely spoken of all the Romance languages and is the third most widely spoken language in the whole world, behind Chinese and English. Latin was first brought to Iberia by the Romans as far back as 210 BC and many Latin words and expressions are still used in modern Spanish. Iberian Latin absorbed influences from the native Iberian languages such as Celtiberian, Basque and other paleohispanic languages and was later greatly influenced by Arabic during the Al-Andalus period of Moorish rule between 711 and 1492. The official “Gramática de la lengua Castellana” was written in Salamanca in 1492 by Elio Antonio de Nebrija. This was the first grammar written for a modern European language.

Lesson notes:

En esta clase vamos a ver algunas expresiones latinas que usamos frecuentemente en español. Son expresiones que forman parte de nuestra lengua cotidiana.

Vamos a ver lo que significan:

Ipso facto: Inmediatamente, ya
Tu jefe te dice: “quiero que termines este informe ipso facto”

A grosso modo: a grandes rasgos, más o menos
“Esta película es a grosso modo igual que la que vi la semana pasada”

Rara avis: difícil de encontrar
“Una persona tan generosa es rara avis hoy en día”

In situ: en el mismo sitio
“Fui a un concierto de Madonna y hablé con ella in situ, cuando terminó de cantar”

Sine qua non: necesario indispensable
“Llevar identificación es una condición sine qua non para viajar en avión”

In extremis: en los últimos en el último momento
“Cogimos el avión in extremis”

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