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Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 33: Relative use of Spanish Superlatives

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)

Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course

In this free Spanish video lesson we will look at the relative use of Superlatives in Spanish (Superlativos) – más / menos + adjective + de… and mejores / peores + noun + de… We will continue this topic in the next Spanish lesson when we look at the absolute use of Superlatives in Spanish and analyse Spanish adverbs such as Muy (very) and Tan (so), Spanish suffixes such as -ísimo and -ísima (extremely), and Spanish prefixes such as Re- and Requete- (very). A “Superlative” is the form of an adjective or adverb that indicates that the person, thing, or action referred to has the quality of the adjective or adverb to a degree greater than that of anything it is being compared to. There are two types of Superlative: relative and absolute. The Relative Superlative describes a noun within the context of a larger group and the Absolute Superlative does not. English Relative Superlatives are formed using the word “Most” or the suffix “-est”, for example: “The Mona Lisa is the most famous painting in the world”. In Spanish we would say: “La Mona Lisa es el cuadro más famoso del mundo”, using “Más” for “Most”. An example of an Absolute Superlative in English is: “Tom is very/so handsome”, where Tom is not compared to anyone else in a larger group. In Spanish this sentence would read: “Tom es muy/tan guapo”. Spanish Superlativos, as you can see, are not overly complicated to form and use. You just have to learn and remember a few key rules and a long list of Spanish adjectives.

Lesson notes:

El/la/los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective + de…:

El Nilo es el río más largo del mundo: The Nile is the longest river in the world
Ricardo es el menos trabajador de la clase: Ricardo is the least hardworking in the class
La Mona Lisa es el cuadro más famoso del mundo: The Mona Lisa is the most famous painting in the world
Luis y Carlos son los menos estudiosos de los hermanos: Luis and Carlos are the least studious of the brothers

El, la, los, las + mejor – mejores/peor – peores + noun + de…:

Julia y Carlos son los mejores alumnos del colegio: Julia and Carlos are the best students in the college
Antonio es el peor jugador de su equipo: Antonio is the worst player in his team


Make Spanish Superlative sentences using the following information…

Rolls Royce/coche
La Sorbona/Universidad
Los Beatles/grupo musical

Here are the possible answers to the last activity:

Carlos se parece a su tío
Los dos se parecen mucho en la mirada
Sara es idéntica a su madre
Mis hermanos son como dos gotas de agua
Tania no se parece a su hermana
Marta y su prima no se parecen en nada


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