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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)

Intermediate Spanish Course

In this free Spanish video lesson we will learn more about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive – El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo. Specifically we will look at its different uses with example sentences to illustrate and clarify when and how it is used. In the previous Spanish lesson we looked at how this Spanish grammar tense is constructed with the Present Subjunctive form of the Spanish verb Haber and a past participle. In English, the Present Perfect grammar tense is formed with Have/Has and a past participle (e.g. I have eaten a pizza, He has repaired the car). Remember that the majority of Spanish past participles finish in -ado or -ido, though there are some irregulars. In English, the past participle of a regular verb ends in -ed and normally has the same spelling as the past tense of the verb. Irregular English past participles tend to end in -en. Generally speaking, the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive works in the same way as the Spanish Present Perfect Indicative, except that it follows the rules of the Subjunctive. It is used to describe an action that happened in the past and continues or repeats into the present or an action that has happened in the recent past.

Lesson notes:

Quizás haya estudiado mucho antes del examen: Maybe he has studied a lot before the exam

No creo que hayan ido a la playa: I don´t think they have gone to the beach

Relative clauses:
Buscamos un ingeniero que haya estudiado en Oxford: We are looking for an engineer who has studied in Oxford

Temporary sentences:
Cuando hayamos llegado a Barcelona estaremos tranquilos: When we have arrived in Barcelona, we´ll be relaxed


Translate the following…

We don´t think that he has been to Paris
When they have finished their homework, they will be able to watch TV
Possibly he has lived in England. He has a British accent
I am looking for someone who has worked in a shop before

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Haya comido
Haya ido
Hayan dicho
Hayamos hecho

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