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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)

Intermediate Spanish Course

In this free Spanish video lesson we will learn about the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive – El Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo. Specifically we will look at how this Spanish grammar tense is constructed with the Present Subjunctive form of the Spanish verb Haber and a past participle. In English, the Present Perfect grammar tense is formed with Have/Has and a past participle (e.g. I have eaten a pizza, He has repaired the car). Remember that the majority of Spanish past participles finish in -ado or -ido, though there are some irregulars. In English, the past participle of a regular verb ends in -ed and normally has the same spelling as the past tense of the verb. Irregular English past participles tend to end in -en. We will continue looking at the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive in the next Spanish lesson where we will look at its different uses with example sentences to illustrate and clarify when and how it is used. Generally speaking, the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive works in the same way as the Spanish Present Perfect Indicative, except that it follows the rules of the Subjunctive. It is used to describe an action that happened in the past and continues or repeats into the present or an action that has happened in the recent past.

Lesson notes:

Presente de subjuntivo de “haber” + Participio pasado:

(yo) Haya: I have
(tú) Hayas: You have (friendly)
(usted/él/ella) Haya: You have (formal) / He/She has
(nosotros/as) Hayamos: We have
(vosotros/as) Hayáis: You have (group/friendly))
(ustedes/ellos/ellas) Hayan: You have (group/formal) / They have

Verb-AR: -ADO
Verb-ER: -IDO
Verb-IR: -IDO

Activity:

Translate the following in Pretérito Perfecto de Subjuntivo…

I have eaten
She has gone
They have said
We have done

Here are some possible answers to the last activity:

¿Quieres que cocinemos la cena hoy? Venga, vale
¿Quieres que cuide a tu gato cuando estés de vacaciones? No, gracias, de verdad
¿Quieres que te ayude a limpiar tu coche? Como quieras, gracias
¿Quieres que vayamos contigo? No, no hace falta, muchas gracias de todas formas

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