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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


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In this free Spanish lesson we will see how to construct passive sentences in Spanish using The Spanish Passive Voice – La voz pasiva. This is the first part in a series of two Spanish video lessons on the subject. The Passive Voice is less common in Spanish than it is in English. In Spanish we often use reflexive verbs where in English you would use The Passive Voice. The English Passive Voice is formed by using a form of the verb “To be” followed by a past participle. The same rule applies in Spanish, where a form of El verbo Ser is followed by a Spanish past participle which is modified if necessary to agree in number and gender with the subject of the sentence. One of the best ways of understanding passive sentences is to contrast them with “active” sentences. For example: “El niño comió la pizza” (The boy ate the pizza) is an active sentence where “the boy” is the subject of the sentence (the one who does the action of the verb, i.e. the eating). To express this situation using The Passive Voice we would say: “La pizza fue comida por el niño” (The pizza was eaten by the boy) where “the pizza” is the subject of the sentence instead of the boy.

Lesson notes:

Spanish Passive Sentences: Verbo ser/estar + participio:

When we refer to the action itself: Verbo ser + participio (o/a/os/as):

Las leyes son escritas por los políticos: The laws are written by the politicians
Un perro ha sido encontrado en el parque: A dog has been found in the park
Las joyas fueron encontradas por los exploradores: The jewels were found by the explorers
Las casas habían sido pintadas por los empleados: The houses had been painted by the employees

Activity:

Translate the following Spanish Passive Sentences…

“El Guernica” was painted by Picasso
The match is won by the team that makes the bigger effort
A policeman has been injured by a bomb
The bug was eaten by a bird

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Si lo llego a saber, habria visto esa película
Si lo llego a saber, veo esa película
Si lo se, veo esa película

Si lo llego a saber, te habría comprado un libro
Si lo llego a saber, te compro un libro
Si lo se, te compro un libro

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