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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)


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This Spanish lesson looks at the use of the Present Subjunctive in Spanish with relative clauses. Relative clauses are used to give additional information about something without starting another sentence. By combining sentences with a relative clause, your text becomes more fluent and you can avoid repeating certain words. Relative clauses contain relative pronouns such as who, which, whose, whom, and that or relative adverbs such as when, where, and why to join two sentence into one. For example, the two sentences: “A girl is playing cards with Sarah. Do you know the girl?” can be combined into one, more flowing, sentence with the addition of a relative pronoun: “Do you know the girl who is playing cards with Sarah?”. In this lesson we will see various examples of relative clauses used in the Spanish Present Subjunctive and in the Spanish Indicative to highlight the differences. “Subjunctive” refers to a “mood” – how the speaker feels about an action rather than when an action takes place (past, present, future). The Subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but is widely used in Spanish. The Spanish Indicative is used to express factual information, certainty and objectivity whereas the Spanish Subjunctive mood is used to express such things as doubt, possibilty, uncertainty, and subjectivity.

Lesson notes:

When something or someone is known: Indicative
When something or someone is unknown: Subjuntivo

Busco un hotel que tiene piscina: I am looking for a hotel that has a swimming pool (a known hotel)
Busco un hotel que tenga piscina: I am looking for a hotel that has a swimming pool (an unknown hotel)

Queremos ir a una tienda donde venden tarjetas: We want to go to a shop where they sell cards (a known shop)
Queremos ir a una tienda donde vendan tarjetas: We want to go to a shop where they sell cards (an unknown shop)

Necesito la chaqueta que tiene rayas negras: I need the jacket that has black stripes (a known jacket)
Necesito una chaqueta que tenga rayas negras: I need a jacket that has black stripes (an unknown jacket)

Activity:

Make sentences discussing known and unknown people and things…

Restaurante (known)
Zapatos (unknow)
Profesor (unknown)
Mesa (known)
Casa (unknown)

Here are some possible answers for the last activity:

Verónica está de recepcionista en ese hotel
La sopa está demasiado caliente
Mi abuela está muy contenta últimamente
Estamos muy cerca del restaurante

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