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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)

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In this Spanish lesson we will look more at the differences between Ser and Estar. The Spanish verbs Ser and Estar are both equivalents to the one English verb “To be” and it is vital to know the subtle differences between the two and when to use one or the other. This is a complex matter and for this reason there will be three video lessons analysing the differences. In this, the third and final Spanish video lesson in the series, we will see the different uses of Estar. In the previous two lessons we saw the different uses of Ser and if you haven’t seen those videos already you should watch them just after, or before, watching this new video. Earlier in the course we looked at how to conjugate (modfify a verb from its base form) both Ser and Estar and if you are not completely confident on how to do this I recommend also reviewing those previous Spanish video lessons. The Spanish verbs Ser and Estar (just like the verb “To be” in English) are central to the language and it is therefore imperative that you are totally clear and well practised in them.

Lesson notes:


To express the physical state or state of mind of people or things:
El café está frío: The coffee is cold
Ana está muy enfadada: Ana is very angry

To compare with what is considered normal:
Los tomates están baratos: The tomatoes are cheap (today/compared to normal)
El niño está muy alto para su edad: The child is very tall for his age

Temporary profession:
Enrique está de camarero en ese restaurante: Enrique is a waiter in that restaurant

Hoy estamos a 18 de septiembre: Today is the 18th of September

Actions at a specific moment:
Estoy hablando por teléfono: I am talking on the phone
María estaba viendo la television: María was watching TV

To state a change of price:
¿A cuánto están hoy las naranjas?: How much are the oranges today?
Están a dos euros el kilo: They are two euros a kilo

Carlos está en Málaga: Carlos is in Málaga

Está bien que llames para disculparte: It would be good that you phone to apologise


Make some sentences with the following uses of ESTAR…

Temporary profession
To express the physical state of things
To express the states of mind of people

Here are some possible answers to the last activity:

Es importante que vayas a clase
Son las tres menos cuarto
Pilar es enfermera
La fiesta es en la discoteca Pachá

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