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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we will look at the differences between Ser and Estar. The Spanish verbs Ser and Estar are both equivalents to the one English verb “To be” and it is vital to know the subtle differences between the two and when to use one or the other. This is a complex matter and for this reason there will be three video lessons analysing the differences. In this, the first Spanish video lesson in the series, we will investigate the different uses of Ser. We will continue with more uses of Ser in the next lesson and then in the third and final lesson we will look at the different uses of Estar. Earlier in the course we looked at how to conjugate (modfify a verb from its base form) both Ser and Estar and if you are not completely confident on how to do this I recommend reviewing those previous Spanish video lessons. The Spanish verbs Ser and Estar (just like the verb “To be” in English) are central to the language and it is therefore imperative that you are totally clear and well practised in them.

Lesson notes:

SER:

Nationality or place of origin:
Carla es italiana: Carla is Italian

Description of people:
Antonio es alto y moreno: Antonio is tall and dark

Description of things:
La camisa es roja, de manga corta: The shirt is red, with short sleeves

Material:
La falda es de algodón: The skirt is made of cotton

Possession:
Esos zapatos son de Silvia: Those shoes are Silvia´s

Definition or Identification:
Esa es la verdad: That is the truth

Activity:

Make some sentences with the following uses of SER…

Material
Nationality
Description of things
Possession

Here are some possible answers to the last activity:

Yo no estoy de acuerdo con lo de que la televisión sea imprescindible
Yo no creo que lo de trabajar los domingos sea una buena idea

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