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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)

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In this Spanish lesson we are going to look at temporary sentences in Spanish in Present Subjunctive and Indicative forms following Cuando … (When…). We will continue this theme in the next lesson when we will see temporary sentences with: En cuanto … (As soon as…), Mientras … (While…), Antes de que … (Before …), Después de que … (After …), Hasta que … (Until…). We have already practised quite a lot with the Spanish Present Subjunctive – El Presente de Subjuntivo – and its use in comparison with the Spanish Indicative, but there are many more ins and out to be covered. The Spanish Subjunctive is something that scares many Spanish students because it is not something that translates easily to English. The Subjunctive mood is used in English, but not half as much as it is in Spanish. In Spanish it plays a central role in everyday language and so it is vital that you start tackling it as early as possible. If you find it a little tricky to understand at first, don’t worry you are not the only one. Be patient, give it time and little by little it will sink in as you get a better feel for the language. But never give up on it and push aside. It really isn’t as difficult as it may first appear.

Lesson notes:

Cuando + indicativo: To express an action in the present or in the past:

Cuando + presente + presente:
Cuando vuelvo del trabajo, estudio español: When I return from work, I study Spanish

Cuando + pret. imperfecto + pret. imperfecto:
Cuando vivíamos en Barcelona, éramos muy felices: When we lived in Barcelona, we were very happy

Cuando + pret. indefinido + pret. indefinido:
Cuando estuve en Madrid visité muchos museos: When I was in Madrid, I visited many museums

Cuando + subjuntivo: To express an action in the future:

Cuando + presente de subjuntivo + futuro:
Cuando vaya a París, comeré caracoles: When I go to Paris, I will eat snails

Cuando + presente de subjuntivo + imperativo:
Cuando lleguéis a casa, llamadme: When you get home, phone me


Translate the following sentences…

When I was young, I had three dogs
When Ana comes, we will take her to a restaurant
When we were in England, we used to go to the cinema every night
When you are tired, tell me

Here are the answers to the last activity:


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