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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this free Spanish video lesson we will learn more about Spanish Reported Speech, also known as Spanish Indirect Speech or Estilo Indirecto. This is the third in a series of five Spanish video lessons on the subject. Reported / Indirect Speech is a way of reporting a statement or question. In Spanish and English there are two different ways of expressing the words of another person: Direct and Indirect Speech. Reported or Indirect Speech differs to Direct Speech because it does not phrase the statement or question in the same way as the original speaker; instead, certain grammatical categories are changed depending on the tense (present, past, future, etc). Direct speech is very simple as the exact words of the original speaker are reported in quotation marks, wheras Indirect Speech is not enclosed in quotes and is more complicated, in both Spanish and in English, because of the specific changes it requires. It is these changes that we will highlight and explain in this series of five Spanish video lessons. Try to complete all of the activities that follow my lessons and practice as much as you can writing out lots of practice sentences in Spanish of your own using the new information. You should also be reading regularly in Spanish by now and you can look out for any examples of Spanish Reported Speech in your books or magazines.

Lesson notes:

Dijo que: He/She said that…

Original time (presente): Dijo que + pretérito imperfecto:
Silvia dijo que este restaurante era muy bueno: Silvia said that this restaurant was very good

Original time (pret. imperfecto): Dijo que + pret. imperfecto:
Silvia dijo que antes aquí llovía mucho: Silvia said that before it used to rain a lot here

Original time (pret. indefinido): Dijo que + pret. pluscuamperfecto:
Silvia dijo que había ido a Londres: Silvia said that she had gone to London

Original time (pret. perfecto): Dijo que + pret. pluscuamperfecto:
Silvia dijo que había estudiado en esa universidad: Silvia said that she had studied in that university

Original time (pret. pluscuamperfecto): Dijo que + pret. pluscuamperfecto:
Silvia dijo que había estudiado mucho para el examen: Silvia said that she had studied a lot for the exam

Activity:

Change these sentences to Spanish Reported Speech …

“Trabajo en una oficina” Dijo que…
“He comido pollo” Dijo que…
“Carlos me llamó por teléfono” Dijo que…
“Antes me gustaban las películas de acción” Dijo que…

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Dice que mañana lloverá
Dice que él/ella estudiaría más
Dice que no cree que tenga veinte años
Dice que no creía que tuviera veinte años

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