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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this free Spanish video lesson we will learn more about Spanish Reported Speech, also known as Spanish Indirect Speech or Estilo Indirecto. This is the second in a series of five Spanish video lessons on the subject. Reported / Indirect Speech is a way of reporting a statement or question. In Spanish and English there are two different ways of expressing the words of another person: Direct and Indirect Speech. Reported or Indirect Speech differs to Direct Speech because it does not phrase the statement or question in the same way as the original speaker; instead, certain grammatical categories are changed depending on the tense (present, past, future, etc). Direct speech is very simple as the exact words of the original speaker are reported in quotation marks, wheras Indirect Speech is not enclosed in quotes and is more complicated, in both Spanish and in English, because of the specific changes it requires. It is these changes that we will highlight and explain in this series of five Spanish video lessons. Try to complete all of the activities that follow my lessons and practice as much as you can writing out lots of practice sentences in Spanish of your own using the new information. You should also be reading regularly in Spanish by now and you can look out for any examples of Spanish Reported Speech in your books or magazines.

Lesson notes:

Dice que: He/She says that…

Original time (futuro imperfecto): Dice que + futuro imperfecto:
Silvia dice que irá a Barcelona: Silvia says that she will go to Barcelona

Original time (condicional simple): Dice que + condicional simple:
Silvia dice que le gustaría vivir en Perú: Silvia says that she would like to live in Peru

Original time (futuro perfecto): Dice que + futuro perfecto:
Silvia dice que para finales de año habrá terminado sus estudios: Silvia says that by the end of the year she will have finished her studies

Original time (presente de subjuntivo): Dice que + presente subj:
Silvia dice que cuando vaya a Barcelona nos va a enviar una postal: Silvia says that when she goes to Barcelona she will send us a postcard

Original time (pret. imperfecto de subjuntivo): Dice que + pret. imperfecto:
Silvia dice que si viviera en Sevilla sería más feliz: Silvia says that if she lived in Seville she would be happier

Original time (pret. perfecto de subjuntivo): Dice que + pret. perfecto:
Silvia dice que cuando haya limpiado toda la casa se tomará un café: Silvia says that when she has cleaned all the house she will have a coffee

Activity:

Change these sentences to Spanish Reported Speech …

“Mañana lloverá” Dice que…
“Yo estudiaría más” Dice que…
“No creo que tengas veinte años” Dice que…
“No creía que tuvieras veinte años” Dice que…

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Dice que tiene mucho calor
Dicen que ayer no trabajaron
Dice que él/ella ya había visto esta película
Dice que ha tomado un café esta mañana

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