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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)

Intermediate Spanish Course

In this Spanish lesson we will see how to conjugate irregular Spanish verbs in the Spanish grammar tense El Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo – the Spanish Past Simple Subjunctive. We will continue to analyse El Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo in one more Spanish video lesson where we will see the different uses of this Spanish grammar tense. The previous two lessons explained how to conjugate the regular Spanish verbs depending on whether they end in -ar, -er or -ir. Earlier in this course we looked in detail at the Spanish Past Simple in its indicative form – El Pretérito Imperfecto – and the differences between it and the second Spanish Past Simple – El Pretérito Indefinido. If you haven’t already watched those lessons I definitely recommend going back to review them, but basically we need to be aware that there are two Past Simples in Spanish which are used quite differently with their regular and irregular verbs conjugated in quite different ways. In English the Past Simple grammar tense is much more straightforward as there is only one Past Simple and the majority of its verbs are conjugated simply with the addition of -ed (for example: “Yesterday I walk-ed to the shops”). The issue is complicated further when we have to contend with the Spanish Subjunctive as well. “Subjunctive” refers to a “mood” – how the speaker feels about an action rather than when an action takes place (past, present, future). The Subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but is widely used in Spanish. The Spanish “Indicative” is used to express factual information, certainty and objectivity whereas the Spanish Subjunctive mood is used to express such things as doubt, possibilty, uncertainty, and subjectivity.

Lesson notes:

Irregular verbs with El Pretérito Imperfecto de Subjuntivo:

3rd person:

Poner (to put): pusiera/pusiese
Dormir (to sleep): durmiera/durmiese
Conducir (to drive): condujera/condujese
Preferir (to prefer): prefiriera/prefiriese
Pedir (to ask for): pidiera/pidiese
Morir (to die): muriera/muriese
Querer (to want): quisiera/quisiese
Hacer (to do): hiciera/hiciese
Saber (to know): supiera/supiese
Tener (to have): tuviera/tuviese
Oir (to hear): oyera/oyese
Huir (to escape): escapara/escapase
Construir (to build): construyera/construyese
Caber (to fit): cupiera/cupiese
Ser/Ir (to be/to go): fuera/fuese
Estar (to be): estuviera/estuviese

Activity:

Conjugate the following Spanish verb…

Querer

Here are the answers to the last activity:

(Yo) viviera/viviese
(Tú) vivieras/ vivieses
(Usted) viviera/ viviese
(Él/ella) viviera/ viviese
(Nosotros) viviéramos/viviésemos
(Vosotros) vivierais/vivieseis
(Ustedes) vivieran/viviesen
(Ellos) vivieran/viviesen

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