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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this free Spanish video lesson we will learn more about Reported Speech in Spanish, also known as Spanish Indirect Speech or Estilo Indirecto. This is the final video in a series of five Spanish video lessons on the subject. Reported / Indirect Speech is a way of reporting a statement or question. In Spanish and English there are two different ways of expressing the words of another person: Direct and Indirect Speech. Reported or Indirect Speech differs to Direct Speech because it does not phrase the statement or question in the same way as the original speaker; instead, certain grammatical categories are changed depending on the tense (present, past, future, etc). Direct speech is very simple as the exact words of the original speaker are reported in quotation marks, wheras Indirect Speech is not enclosed in quotes and is more complicated, in both Spanish and in English, because of the specific changes it requires. It is these changes that we will highlight and explain in this series of five Spanish video lessons. Try to complete all of the activities that follow my lessons and practice as much as you can writing out lots of practice sentences in Spanish of your own using the new information. You should also be reading regularly in Spanish by now and you can look out for any examples of Spanish Reported Speech in your books or magazines.

Lesson notes:

Original time (imperativo): Dice que + presente de subjuntivo:
“Cuídate.” Dice que me cuide: “Take care of yourself.” He/She tells me to take care of myself

Original time (imperativo): Dijo que + pret. imperfecto de subjuntivo:
“Cuídate.” Dijo que me cuidara: “Take care of yourself”. He/She told me to take care of myself

Pronombres: Yo-él/ella; tú-yo; nosotros-ellos/ellas, etc:
“Nosotros vamos a la playa.” Dijeron que ellos iban a la playa: “We are going to the beach”. They said that they were going to the beach

Determinantes: Mi libro – su libro; este libro – ese libro:
“Me gusta este perro.” Dijo que le gustaba ese perro: “I like this dog”: He/She said that he/she liked that dog

Marcadores temporales: Hoy – ese día; anteayer – dos días antes; ahora – en ese momento/entonces; anoche – la noche anterior, etc:
“Anoche vi una película.” Dijo que la noche anterior vio una película: “Yesterday I saw a film”. He/She said that he saw a film the night before

Cambio de verbos según el lugar donde se encuentra el hablante: Ir – venir; llevar – traer:
“Voy a llevar una botella de vino.” Dijo que iba a traer una botella de vino: “I am going to take a bottle of wine”. He/She said that he/she was going to bring a bottle of wine

Activity:

Change these sentences to Spanish Reported Speech …

“¡Escúchame!”: Dijo que…
“¡Cerrad la puerta!”: Dice que…
“Mi amigo Paco tiene un problema”: Dijo que…
“Hace una semana fui al dentista” Dijo que…

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Dijo que estudiaría más para el próximo examen
Dijo que cuando fuera a México podía visitar a Mario
Dijo que quería una casa que tuviera piscina
Dijo que tenía tanta hambre que se comería una vaca

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