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Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 14: Spanish Conditional Sentences (Part 3)

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


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In this free Spanish video lesson we will look more at El condicional / El futuro hipotético and see a selection of conditional sentences in Spanish. This is the final lesson in a series of three Spanish video lessons on the subject of The Spanish Conditional. In the previous lesson we looked at at how to construct and use the Spanish Second Conditional and the Spanish Third Conditional and saw various example sentences of both tenses in use. In the first lesson we looked at the 1st Spanish Conditional; again with lots of example sentences to illustrate how and when it is used. The Conditional tense is broadly defined as the verb tense that is used to indicate that an action or state of being is dependent on the occurrence of a condition. The Spanish Conditional tense is known as both El condicional and El futuro hipotético (“The Hypothetical Future”). Unlike the past, future and present tenses, the Spanish Conditional doesn’t always refer to a particular period of time. Its name suggests that it is used when there’s a condition involved, but it also has close connections with the future tense. Verbs in El condicional don’t refer to events that definitely or necessarily have happened or are happening, they refer to hypothetical acts. For English speakers, the Spanish Conditional is quite straightforward to understand and use as it translates easily (with a few exceptions) to Would + verb and the Spanish verbs in their conditional form take on the ending -ía.

Lesson notes:

Si no había hecho nada malo, ¿por qué lo encarcelaron?: If he hadn´t done anything bad, why was he taken to prison?

Si lo encarcelaron, algo malo habría hecho: If he was taken to prison, he would/must have done something bad

Si no hablaba alemán, ¿por qué fue a estudiar a Alemania?: If he didn´t speak German, why did he go to Germany to study?

Si fue a estudiar a Alemania, hablaría alemán: If he went to Germany to study, he would/must have spoken German

Si no tenía mucho dinero, ¿por qué compró esa casa?: If he didn´t have a lot of money, why did he buy that house?

Si compró esa casa, tendría mucho dinero: If he bought that house, he would/must have had a lot of money

Si no tenía hambre ¿por qué comió tanto?: If he wasn´t hungry, why did he eat so much?

Si comió tanto, tendría hambre: If he ate so much, he would/must have been hungry

Activity:

Translate the following sentences…

If they hadn´t been in Spain. How did they learn Spanish?
If they spoke Spanish, they would/must have lived in Spain
If he hadn´t look at a recipe book, how did he cook the cake?
If he cooked the cake, he would/must have looked at a recipe book

Here are the possible answers to the last activity:

Si viviera/viviese en Méjico probaría las fajitas
Si hubiera/hubiese vivido en Méjico, habría probado las fajitas
De haber vivido en Méjico, habría probado las fajitas
Si estudiara/estudiase Medicina, iría a esta universidad
Si hubiera/hubiese estudiado Medicina, habría ido a esta universidad
De haber estudiado Medicina, habría ido a esta universidad

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