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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this free Spanish lesson we will look at more key Spanish structures and phrases used with the Spanish Conditional – El condicional – such as Siempre que + subjuntivo (Whenever/Every time) and Siempre y cuando + subjuntivo (Only if). This continues the theme from the previous Spanish video lesson where we saw other Spanish Conditional phrases and structures such as Salvo que + subjuntivo (Unless) and Excepto que + subjuntivo (Unless). The Conditional tense is broadly defined as the verb tense that is used to indicate that an action or state of being is dependent on the occurrence of a condition. The Spanish Conditional tense is known as both El condicional and El futuro hipotético (“The Hypothetical Future”). Unlike the past, future and present tenses, the Spanish Conditional doesn’t always refer to a particular period of time. Its name suggests that it is used when there’s a condition involved, but it also has close connections with the future tense. Verbs in El condicional don’t refer to events that definitely or necessarily have happened or are happening, they refer to hypothetical acts. For English speakers, the Spanish Conditional is quite straightforward to understand and use as it translates easily (with a few exceptions) to Would + verb and the Spanish verbs in their conditional form take on the ending -ía.

Lesson notes:

Siempre que + subjuntivo: Whenever/Every time:
Siempre que quieras: Whenever you want

Siempre y cuando + subjuntivo: Only if:
Siempre y cuando venga: Only if he comes

Con tal de que + subjuntivo: Provided that:
Con tal de que lo devuelvas: Provided that you return it

A condición de que + subjuntivo: On the condition that:
A condición de que llames: On the condition that you call

Activity:

Translate the following sentences…

Eat whenever you are hungry
You can watch TV only if you have finished your homework
Provided that you come with me, I will be happy
We will go to the beach with you on the condition that we go by car

Here are the answers to the last activity:

No aprobarás a menos que estudies
No habría llamado a no ser que no fuera una emergencia
No quiero ir excepto si vienes conmigo

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