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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this free Spanish lesson we will look at various key Spanish structures and phrases used with the Spanish Conditional – El condicional – such as Salvo que + subjuntivo (Unless) and Excepto que + subjuntivo (Unless). We will continue this theme in the next Spanish video lesson with more Spanish Conditional phrases and structures such as Siempre que + subjuntivo (Whenever/Every time) and Siempre y cuando + subjuntivo (Only if). The Conditional tense is broadly defined as the verb tense that is used to indicate that an action or state of being is dependent on the occurrence of a condition. The Spanish Conditional tense is known as both El condicional and El futuro hipotético (“The Hypothetical Future”). Unlike the past, future and present tenses, the Spanish Conditional doesn’t always refer to a particular period of time. Its name suggests that it is used when there’s a condition involved, but it also has close connections with the future tense. Verbs in El condicional don’t refer to events that definitely or necessarily have happened or are happening, they refer to hypothetical acts. For English speakers, the Spanish Conditional is quite straightforward to understand and use as it translates easily (with a few exceptions) to Would + verb and the Spanish verbs in their conditional form take on the ending -ía.

Lesson notes:

Salvo que + subjuntivo: Unless:
No cojas el coche salvo que sea estrictamente necesario: Don´t take the car unless it is strictly necessary

A no ser que + subjuntivo: Unless:
No voy a ir a su fiesta a no ser que me llame: I am not going to his/her party unless he/she calls me

Excepto que + subjuntivo: Unless:
Excepto que llueva, no estrenaré mi nuevo paraguas: I won´t use my new umbrella unless it rains

Excepto si / salvo si + (rules of “si” to know whether to use indicative or subjuntivo): Unless:
Te llamaré excepto si / salvo si no estoy en casa: I will call you unless I am not at home
Pensaba que no podría volver excepto si / salvo si la situación política cambiase: I thought I couldn´t come back unless the political situation changed

Activity:

Translate the following sentences…

You won’t pass unless you study
He wouldn’t have called unless it were an emergency
I don’t want to go unless you come with me

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Feliz Navidad y muchos momentos felices en el año próximo
Que tengas/tenga/tengáis/tengan una Navidad llena de amor, alegría y salud
Un montón de diversión en Navidad y próspero Año Nuevo

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