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Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 28: Spanish adjectives with Ser & Estar (Part 4)

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)

Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course

In this free Spanish lesson we will look more at the way that different Spanish adjectives mean completely different things depending on whether they are used with Spanish verbs Ser or Estar. The Spanish adjective “Rico”, for example, means “rich” when paired up with Ser and “tasty” when paired up with Estar. As you will appreciate it is easy therefore to make many mistakes when using Ser or Estar and we have to be completely clear and well practised in the use of both Spanish verbs. This is the final Spanish video lesson on this topic in a series of four lessons. Spanish verbs Ser and Estar are critical verbs in the Spanish language. We have already studied them in some detail earlier in the course and there are many variations and combinations to be aware of. I recommend going back over those other Spanish lessons on Ser and Estar if you have time and to also start working on your repertoire of advanced Spanish adjectives. When you have a long list of Spanish adjectives and verbs up your sleeve you are in a much better position to handle yourself in a Spanish conversation. Work on ten to fifteen new Spanish adjectives every day and practice with them in lots of example sentences so that they are stored in your head and not just in your books.

Lesson notes:

Ser violento: To be violent (a person) / To be awkward (a situation)
Estar violento: To feel awkward

Ser maduro: To be mature in age / To be sensible
Estar maduro: To be ripe

Ser rico: To be rich (a person)
Estar rico: To be tasty

Ser despierto: To be alert
Estar despierto: To be awake

Ser pesado: To be heavy / To be an annoying/irritating person
Estar pesado: To be annoying/irritating (a person – temporary)


Make sentences with Ser and Estar using the following adjectives…


Here are the answers to the last activity:

¿Estáis listos para ir a la playa?
Mi sobrino es muy listo
Los plátanos están verdes
Me gusta mucho tu falda verde
Felicidades por tu nuevo trabajo, estamos muy orgullosos de ti
Eres demasiado orgulloso, deberías cambiar


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