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Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 13: Spanish Conditional Sentences (Part 2)

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


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In this free Spanish video lesson we will look at how to construct and use the Spanish Second Conditional and the Spanish Third Conditional and see various example sentences of both tenses in use. This is the second in a series of three Spanish video lessons on the subject of The Spanish Conditional. In the previous lesson we looked at the 1st Spanish Conditional and in the final Spanish video lesson in the series we will see a selection of other conditional sentences in Spanish. The Conditional tense is broadly defined as the verb tense that is used to indicate that an action or state of being is dependent on the occurrence of a condition. The Spanish Conditional tense is known as both El condicional and El futuro hipotético (“The Hypothetical Future”). Unlike the past, future and present tenses, the Spanish Conditional doesn’t always refer to a particular period of time. Its name suggests that it is used when there’s a condition involved, but it also has close connections with the future tense. Verbs in El condicional don’t refer to events that definitely or necessarily have happened or are happening, they refer to hypothetical acts. For English speakers, the Spanish Conditional is quite straightforward to understand and use as it translates easily (with a few exceptions) to Would + verb and the Spanish verbs in their conditional form take on the ending -ía.

Lesson notes:

2nd Spanish Conditional: (imaginary present/future actions) Si + imperfecto (subj) + condicional simple:

Si hiciera calor, iría a la playa: If it was hot, I would go to the beach
Si no tuviéramos/tuviésemos mucho trabajo, iríamos al cine: If we didn´t have much work, we would go to the cinema

3rd Spanish Conditional: (imaginary past actions) Si + pret. Pluscuamperfecto (subj) + condicional compuesto:

Si hubiera/hubiese hecho calor, habría ido a la playa: If it had been hot, I would have gone to the beach
Si no hubiéramos/hubiésemos tenido mucho trabajo, habríamos ido al cine: If we hadn´t had much work, we would have gone to the cinema

De + infinitivo compuesto + condicional compuesto:

De haber hecho calor, habría ido a la playa: If it had been hot, I would have gone to the beach
De no haber tenido mucho trabajo, habríamos ido al cine: If we hadn´t had much work, we would have gone to the cinema

Activity:

Finish the following sentences with the 2nd Spanish Conditional or with the two types of 3rd Spanish Conditional:

Si viviera/viviese en Méjico…
Si hubiera/hubiese vivido en Méjico…
De…
Si estudiara/estudiase Medicina…
Si hubiera/hubiese estudiado Medicina…
De…

Here are the possible answers to the last activity:

Si estudio mucho, sacaré buenas notas
Si estudio mucho, saco buenas notas
Si estudias mucho, saca buenas notas
Si viajamos a Barcelona, veremos muchos monumentos
Si viajamos a Barcelona, vemos muchos monumentos
Si viajáis a Barcelona, ved muchos monumentos

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