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Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 12: Spanish 1st Conditional Sentences El primer condicional

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)

Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course

In this free Spanish video lesson we will look at how to construct and use the Spanish First Conditional and see various example sentences of the First Spanish Conditional in use. This is the first in a series of three Spanish video lessons on the subject of The Spanish Conditional. In the next lesson we will look at the Spanish Second Conditional and the Spanish Third Conditional and in the final Spanish video lesson in the series we will see a selection of other conditional sentences in Spanish. The Conditional tense is broadly defined as the verb tense that is used to indicate that an action or state of being is dependent on the occurrence of a condition. The Spanish Conditional tense is known as both El condicional and El futuro hipotético (“The Hypothetical Future”). Unlike the past, future and present tenses, the Spanish Conditional doesn’t always refer to a particular period of time. Its name suggests that it is used when there’s a condition involved, but it also has close connections with the future tense. Verbs in El condicional don’t refer to events that definitely or necessarily have happened or are happening, they refer to hypothetical acts. For English speakers, the Spanish Conditional is quite straightforward to understand and use as it translates easily (with a few exceptions) to Would + verb and the Spanish verbs in their conditional form take on the ending -ía.

Lesson notes:

1st Conditional: Si + presente(ind) + presente(ind)/futuro simple(ind)/imperativo:

Si hace calor, voy a la playa: If it is hot, I go to the beach
Si mañana hace calor, iré a la playa: If tomorrow is hot, I will go to the beach
Si hace calor, vete a la playa: If it is hot, go to the beach

Si no tenemos mucho trabajo, vamos al cine: If we don´t have much work, we go to the cinema
Si no tenemos mucho trabajo, iremos al cine: If we don´t have much work, we will go to the cinema
Si no tenéis mucho trabajo, id al cine: If you don´t have much work, go to the cinema (you/group)


Finish the following sentences with the three types of Spanish 1st Conditional (with the imperative, change the verb ending to “tú” or “vosotros”):

Si estudio mucho….
Si viajamos a Barcelona…

Here are the possible answers to the last activity:

A lo mejor estaba en el bar
Igual estaba en el bar
Lo mismo estaba en el bar
Tal vez estaba en el bar
Tal vez estuviera/estuviese en el bar
Quizás estaba en el bar
Quizás estuviera/estuviese en el bar

Seguramente cenaron en un restaurante
Seguramente cenaran en un restaurante

Puede que tuviera/tuviese muchos problemas
Puede ser que tuviera/tuviese muchos problemas


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