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Upper Intermediate Spanish Lesson 27: Ser and Estar differences with Spanish adjectives (Part 3)

This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)

Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course

In this free Spanish lesson we will look more at the way that different Spanish adjectives mean completely different things depending on whether they are used with Spanish verbs Ser or Estar. The Spanish adjective “Listo”, for example, means “clever” when paired up with Ser and “ready” when paired up with Estar. As you will appreciate it is easy therefore to make many mistakes when using Ser or Estar and we have to be completely clear and well practised in the use of both Spanish verbs. This is the third Spanish video lesson on this topic in a series of four lessons. Spanish verbs Ser and Estar are critical verbs in the Spanish language. We have already studied them in some detail earlier in the course and there are many variations and combinations to be aware of. I recommend going back over those other Spanish lessons on Ser and Estar if you have time and to also start working on your repertoire of advanced Spanish adjectives. When you have a long list of Spanish adjectives and verbs up your sleeve you are in a much better position to handle yourself in a Spanish conversation. Work on ten to fifteen new Spanish adjectives every day and practice with them in lots of example sentences so that they are stored in your head and not just in your books.

Lesson notes:

Ser listo: To be clever
Estar listo: To be ready

Ser molesto: To be annoying
Estar molesto: To be annoyed

Ser negro: To be black
Estar negro: To be furious

Ser orgulloso: To be a proud person
Estar orgulloso: To be proud of something or someone

Ser verde: To be green
Estar verde: To be inexperienced


Make sentences with Ser and Estar using the following adjectives…


Here are the answers to the last activity:

María es una fresca
Los tomates están muy frescos
Eres un interesado, solo quieres mi dinero
Estoy interesado en el cine independiente
Sonia tiene un problema muy grave
Sonia está enferma, pero no está grave


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  2. Awesome


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