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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)


Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this free Spanish lesson we will look more at the way that different Spanish adjectives mean completely different things depending on whether they are used with Spanish verbs Ser or Estar. The Spanish adjective “Fresco”, for example, means “cheeky” when paired up with Ser and “fresh” when paired up with Estar. As you will appreciate it is easy therefore to make many mistakes when using Ser or Estar and we have to be completely clear and well practised in the use of both Spanish verbs. This is the second Spanish video lesson on this topic in a series of four lessons. Spanish verbs Ser and Estar are critical verbs in the Spanish language. We have already studied them in some detail earlier in the course and there are many variations and combinations to be aware of. I recommend going back over those other Spanish lessons on Ser and Estar if you have time and to also start working on your repertoire of advanced Spanish adjectives. When you have a long list of Spanish adjectives and verbs up your sleeve you are in a much better position to handle yourself in a Spanish conversation. Work on ten to fifteen new Spanish adjectives every day and practice with them in lots of example sentences so that they are stored in your head and not just in your books.

Lesson notes:

Ser católico: To be catholic
(No) estar católico: (Not) to be healthy

Ser dispuesto: To be willing
Estar dispuesto: To be prepared to do something

Ser fresco: To be cheeky
Estar fresco: To be fresh

Ser grave: To be serious (for things or situations)
Estar grave: To be seriously ill

Ser interesado: To be selfish
Estar interesado: To be interested

Activity:

Make sentences with Ser and Estar using the following adjectives…

Fresco
Interesado
Grave

Here are the answers to the last activity:

El libro que estoy leyendo es muy aburrido
¿Estoy muy aburrido, vamos al cine?
Estamos muy cansados, vamos a dormir
Por favor cállate, eres muy cansado
Antonio nunca habla, es muy callado
¿Por qué estas tan callado, te pasa algo?

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