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This lesson is part of the Upper-Intermediate Spanish Course
(74 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 3 mins)

Upper-Intermediate Spanish MP3Upper-Intermediate Spanish Video Course

In this free Spanish lesson we will look at the way that different Spanish adjectives mean completely different things depending on whether they are used with Spanish verbs Ser or Estar. The Spanish adjective “Aburrido”, for example, means “boring” when paired up with Ser and “bored” when paired up with Estar. As you will appreciate it is easy therefore to make many mistakes when using Ser or Estar and we have to be completely clear and well practised in the use of both Spanish verbs. This is the first Spanish video lesson on this topic in a series of four lessons. Spanish verbs Ser and Estar are critical verbs in the Spanish language. We have already studied them in some detail earlier in the course and there are many variations and combinations to be aware of. I recommend going back over those other Spanish lessons on Ser and Estar if you have time and to also start working on your repertoire of advanced Spanish adjectives. When you have a long list of Spanish adjectives and verbs up your sleeve you are in a much better position to handle yourself in a Spanish conversation. Work on ten to fifteen new Spanish adjectives every day and practice with them in lots of example sentences so that they are stored in your head and not just in your books.

Lesson notes:

Ser abierto: To be sociable
Estar abierto: To be open

Ser aburrido: To be boring
Estar aburrido: To be bored

Ser atento: To be kind/considerate
Estar atento: To be attentive

Ser callado: To be quiet/untalkative
Estar callado: To be quiet/silent

Ser cansado: To be tiring
Estar cansado: To be tired


Make sentences with Ser and Estar using the following adjectives…


Here are the answers to the last activity:

El trabajo está hecho
La comida estaba recalentada
Las ventanas están rotas
La ciudad está destruida

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