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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)


Intermediate Spanish MP3Intermediate Spanish Video Course
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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn the Spanish Present Subjunctive – El Presente de Subjuntivo. This is the third part in a series of nine Spanish video lessons on the topic. In this lesson we will look specifically at how to use the Spanish Present Subjunctive with wishes, desires and hopes and see the phrases: Esperar que… (to hope that…), Querer que… (to want that…), Desear que… (to desire that…) and Ojalá… (I hope/wish…). In the previous lessons we looked at regular Spanish verbs that finish in -ar, -er and -ir and in the other lessons in the series we will look in detail at the irregular Spanish verbs related to the Spanish Present Subjunctive and more about when and how El Presente de Subjuntivo is used. The Subjunctive refers to a “mood” – how the speaker feels about an action rather than when an action takes place (past, present, future). The Subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but is widely used in Spanish. So far we have studied Spanish verb tenses in the Indicative. The Indicative mood is used to express factual information, certainty and objectivity whereas the Subjunctive mood is used to express such things as doubt, possibilty, uncertainty, and subjectivity. The Spanish Subjunctive is complex and takes some work, but it is not as tricky as it first appears. It is fundamental to the Spanish language and so can definitely not be shyed away from. By the time we finish this series of eight Spanish video lessons I am sure you will feel much clearer and confident to get out and use the Spanish Subjunctive.

Lesson notes:

Esperar que + subjuntivo: To hope that
Espero que ganes mucho dinero: I hope you win a lot of money
Espero ganar mucho dinero: I hope to win a lot of money

Querer que + subjuntivo: To want that
Quiero que ganes mucho dinero: I want you to win a lot of money
Quiero ganar mucho dinero: I want to win a lot of money

Desear que + subjuntivo: To desire that
Deseo que ganes mucho dinero: I desire that you win a lot of money
Deseo ganar mucho dinero: I desire to win a lot of money

Ojalá + subjuntive: I hope/wish
Ojala ganes mucho dinero: I hope/wish you win a lot of money
Ojalá gane mucho dinero: I hope/wish I win a lot of money

Activity:

Translate the following sentences using the Spanish Subjunctive where necessary…

We want you to study more
I desire you live many years
I hope to go to Madrid next week
We hope you write another book
She wants to work in Barcelona

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Sirvan
Beba
Escribáis
Corramos
Comprenda

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