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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn the Spanish Present Subjunctive – El Presente de Subjuntivo. This is the second part in a series of nine Spanish video lessons on the topic. In this lesson we will look specifically at how to conjugate regular Spanish verbs which finish in -er and -ir. In the previous lesson we looked at regular Spanish verbs that finish in -ar and in the other lessons in the series we will look in detail at the irregular Spanish verbs related to the Spanish Present Subjunctive and exactly when and how El Presente de Subjuntivo is used. The Subjunctive refers to a “mood” – how the speaker feels about an action rather than when an action takes place (past, present, future). The Subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but is widely used in Spanish. So far we have studied Spanish verb tenses in the Indicative. The Indicative mood is used to express factual information, certainty and objectivity whereas the Subjunctive mood is used to express such things as doubt, possibilty, uncertainty, and subjectivity. The Spanish Subjunctive is complex and takes some work, but it is not as tricky as it first appears. It is fundamental to the Spanish language and so can definitely not be shyed away from. By the time we finish this series of eight Spanish video lessons I am sure you will feel much clearer and confident to get out and use the Spanish Subjunctive.

Lesson notes:

-ER endings:
-o: yo coma (I eat)
-es: tú comas (you eat)
-e: usted coma (you eat) (formal)
-e: el / ella coma (he/she eats)
-emos: nosotros comamos (we eat)
-éis: vosotros comáis (you eat) (group)
-en: ustedes coman (you eat) (group/formal)
-en: ellos coman (they eat)

-IR endings:
-o: yo viva (I live)
-es: tú vivas (you live)
-e: usted viva (you live) (formal)
-e: el / ella viva (he/she lives)
-imos: nosotros vivamos (we live)
-ís: vosotros viváis (you live) (group)
-en: ustedes vivan (you live) (group/formal)
-en: ellos vivan (they live)

Activity:

Change the following verbs from the regular Spanish Present tense to the Spanish Present Subjunctive…

Sirven
Bebo
Escribís
Corremos
Comprende

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Trabajemos
Juguéis
Estudien
Gane
Llames

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