Download the complete Spanish courses

This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)

Pre Intermediate Spanish MP3Pre Intermediate Spanish Video Course

In this Spanish lesson we will learn the Spanish adverbs Ya (already), Aún no/Todavía no (not yet), Alguna vez (ever) and Nunca (never) which are commonly used with The Present Perfect in Spanish – El Pretérito Perfecto. This is the fifth and final video lesson in the series about The Present Perfect in Spanish, which is an fundamental Spanish grammar tense and one that you will use a lot in everyday conversation. In the previous lessons we saw how to make regular and irregular Spanish past participles along with useful Spanish vocabulary and phrases to use with El Pretérito Perfecto and example sentences of the grammar tense in use. I recommend that you go back and review these other four Spanish lessons before or just after watching this next video. As always, practice makes perfect so try to write as many practice sentences using El Pretérito Perfecto as you can. Describe things you have done that same day and when you did them using a wide variety of Spanish verbs.

Lesson notes:

Ya: Already
Aún no: Not yet
Todavía no: Not yet
¿Has escrito la postal?: Have you written the postcard?
Sí, ya la he escrito: I have already written it.
No, aún no la he escrito / No, todavía no la he escrito: I haven´t written it yet.
¿Ha llegado Pedro?: Has Pedro arrived?
Sí, ya ha llegado: Yes, he has arrived.
No, aún no ha llegado/ No, todavía no ha llegado: No, he hasn´t arrived yet.
Alguna vez: Ever
Nunca: Never
¿Has esquiado alguna vez?: Have you ever skied before?
No, nunca he esquiado: No, I have never skied.


Answer the questions using “ya”, “aún no”, “todavía no” or “nunca”…

¿Has leído el libro “El Quijote”?
¿Has estado alguna vez en Huelva?
¿Has comido alguna vez pulpo?
¿Has hecho los deberes?
¿Has conocido alguna vez a una persona famosa?

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Ha desayunado con unas amigas.
No, ha ido en coche a la ciudad.
Ha comido con su madre.
No, no ha llevado a su hijo al parque.
No, ha cenado en un restaurante con unos amigos.

Pin It on Pinterest