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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we are going to see example sentences of The Present Perfect in Spanish – El Pretérito Perfecto – describing what someone has done in the day. This is the fourth in a series of five video lessons on the topic of The Present Perfect in Spanish, which is an fundamental Spanish grammar tense and one that you will use a lot in everyday conversation. In the previous three video lessons we learned how to make regular and irregular Spanish past participles along with useful Spanish vocabulary and phrases to use with El Pretérito Perfecto. On first view this Spanish grammar tense may seem a little daunting, but with a bit of time and practice you will see that it is in fact quite straightforward to use and relatively easy to remember. An example sentences using El Pretérito Perfecto is “Ha trabajado mucho en la oficina” (She/He has worked a lot in the office). The verbs have/has are used as auxilary verbs in a similar way to he/has/ha/hemos/habéis/han in Spanish and the main verb is always a past participle, again the same as with Spanish. Unfortunately in Spanish there are more combinations (he/has/ha/hemos/habéis/han) than in English, but I think the past participles are easier to remember.

Lesson notes:

Se ha levantado muy temprano: She got up very early
Ha dejado al niño en el colegio: She took the child to school
Ha desayunado con unas amigas: She had breakfast with some friends
Ha abierto su correo electrónico: She opened her email
Ha leído una novela: She read a novel
Ha trabajado mucho en la oficina: She has worked a lot in the office
Ha tenido una reunión importante: She had an important meeting
Ha visto a su madre y han comido juntas: She met her mother and they had lunch together
Ha llegado tarde a buscar a su hijo: She arrived late to pick up her son
Ha ido en coche a la ciudad: She went to the city by car
Ha acostado al niño: She put the child to bed
Ha salido a cenar con unos amigos: She went out for dinner with some friends

Activity:

Answer these questions about Sonia´s day…

¿Con quién ha desayunado Sonia?
¿Ha ido en tren a la ciudad?
¿Con quién ha comido?
¿Ha llevado a su hijo al parque?
¿Ha cenado en casa?

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Esta mañana he corrido
Hoy hemos comido pollo
Este año han estado en París
Hace diez minutos has hablado con Ana
Hace un rato he estudiado

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