This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)
In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn useful Spanish vocabulary and phrases to use with The Present Perfect in Spanish – El Pretérito Perfecto. This is the third in a series of five video lessons on the topic of The Present Perfect in Spanish, which is an fundamental Spanish grammar tense and one that you will use a lot in everyday conversation. In the previous two video lessons we learned how to make regular and irregular Spanish past participles. On first view El Pretérito Perfecto may seem a little daunting, but with a bit of time and practice you will see that it is in fact quite straightforward to use and relatively easy to remember. Example sentences of the Present Perfect grammar tense in English are: “I have eaten a pizza this morning” (he comido una pizza esta mañana) and “She has worked in an office this summer” (ella ha trabajado en una oficina este verano). The verbs have/has are used as auxilary verbs in a similar way to he/has/ha/hemos/habéis/han in Spanish and the main verb is always a past participle, again the same as with Spanish. Unfortunately in Spanish there are more combinations (he/has/ha/hemos/habéis/han) than in English, but I think the past participles are easier to remember.
Hace cinco minutos: 5 minutes ago
Hace una hora: An hour ago
Hace un rato: A while ago
Esta mañana: This morning
Esta tarde: This afternoon
Esta noche: This evening
Esta semana: This week
Este mes: This month
Este año: This year
Este fin de semana: This weekend
Este verano: This summer
Este invierno: This winter
Translate the following…
This morning I have run:
Today we have eaten chicken:
This year they have been in Paris:
Ten minutes ago you have talked with Ana:
A while ago I have studied:
Here are the answers to the last activity:
¿Qué ha dicho?
¿Qué habéis hecho?