This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)
In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn The Present Perfect in Spanish – El Pretérito Perfecto and how to make Spanish past participles to use with this grammar tense. This is the first in a series of five video lessons on the topic of The Present Perfect in Spanish, which is an fundamental Spanish grammar tense and one that you will use a lot in everyday conversation. On first view it may seem a little daunting, but with a bit of time and practice the mist will clear and you will see that it is in fact quite straightforward to use and relatively easy to remember. Example sentences of the Present Perfect grammar tense in English are: “I have eaten a pizza” (he comido una pizza) and “She has worked in an office” (ella ha trabajado en una oficina). The verbs have/has are used as auxilary verbs in a similar way to he/has/ha/hemos/habéis/han in Spanish and the main verb is always a past participle, again the same as with Spanish. Unfortunately in Spanish there are more combinations (he/has/ha/hemos/habéis/han) than in English, but I think the past participles are easier to remember. In this particular Spanish lesson we will see how to make a past participle for Spanish verbs ending in -ar, -er and -ir and we will practice making example sentences with an -ar verb Trabajar (to work) for all of the different persons.
AR verbs: -ado (trabajado)
ER verbs: -ido (comido)
IR verbs: -ido (vivido)
(Yo) he trabajado: I have worked
(Tú) has trabajado: You have worked
(Usted) ha trabajado: You have worked (formal)
(Él/ella) ha trabajado: He/she has worked
(Nosotros) hemos trabajado: We have worked
(Vosotros) habéis trabajado: You have worked (group)
(Ustedes) han trabajado: You have worked (group/formal)
(Ellos/as) han trabajado: They have worked
(Yo) no he trabajado: I haven´t worked
Translate the following…
We have talked:
They have eaten:
I have lived:
Have you had?
You have read (formal/group)
Here are some possible answers to the last activity:
No puedo, es que tengo que trabajar.
No podemos, porque tenemos que cuidar a nuestros hijos.
No puedo, porque tengo que ir a clase de español
No podemos, es que el martes debemos estudiar.
No puedo, porque debo ir a ver a mi familia este verano.