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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)

Pre Intermediate Spanish Course

Pre-Intermediate Spanish Lesson 43: Spanish Past Simple El Pretérito Indefinido (Part 1)

This is the first Spanish lesson in a series of five Spanish video lessons about the Spanish Past Simple El Pretérito Indefinido. In this course we have already looked at four other Spanish grammar tenses: the Present Tense in Spanish to describe things we usually do, the Future Tense in Spanish that is the equivalent to Going to… in English, the Present Perfect in Spanish to describe things we have done in the past and the Present Continuous in Spanish which we use to say what we are doing at the moment. We will now learn more about how to be able to talk about things we did in the past in Spanish using the very useful and fundamentally important Spanish grammar tense El Pretérito Indefinido. The key at this stage is to have lots of Spanish verbs up your sleeve and to be clear on the different verb endings according to whether the verb ends in -ar, -er or -ir. In this first Spanish lesson about the Spanish Past Simple El Pretérito Indefinido we will look at how to construct the verb endings for the regular Spanish verbs in El Pretérito Indefinido. Unfortunately there are also irregular verbs which we will discuss in future lessons, along with key words connected with El Pretérito Indefinido.

Lesson notes:

-AR
Hablar: to speak
(yo) hablé: I spoke
(tú) hablaste: you spoke (informal)
(usted) habló: you spoke (formal)
(él/ella) habló: he/she spoke
(nosotros/as) hablamos: we spoke
(vosotros/as) hablasteis: you spoke (group/informal)
(ustedes) hablaron: you spoke (group/formal)
(ellos/as) hablaron: they spoke

-ER/-IR
Comer: to eat
(yo) comí: I ate
(tú) comiste: you ate (informal)
(usted) comió: you ate (formal)
(él/ella) comió: he/she ate
(nosotros/as) comimos: we ate
(vosotros/as) comisteis: you ate (group/informal)
(ustedes) comieron: you ate (group/formal)
(ellos/as) comieron: they ate

Activity:

Translate the following…

We worked
They drank
I lived
He left
Did you read? (informal)

Here are some possible answers for the last activity:

Estoy de maravilla
Estoy bien
Estoy así así
Estoy fatal

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