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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)

Pre Intermediate Spanish Course

Pre-Intermediate Spanish Lesson 48: Spanish Past Simple El Pretérito Imperfecto (Part 1)

This is the first Spanish lesson in a series of five Spanish video lessons about the Spanish Past Simple El Pretérito Imperfecto. In the previous five Spanish lessons we looked at the other Past Simple in Spanish El Pretérito Indefinido which is used differently to El Pretérito Imperfecto and its verbs conjugated in different ways, though both tenses are used to describe actions in the past. In English the Past Simple grammar tense is much more straightforward as there is only one Past Simple and the majority of its verbs are conjugated simply with the addition of -ed (for example: “Yesterday I walk-ed to the shops”). In this first Spanish lesson about the Spanish Past Simple El Pretérito Imperfecto we will look at how to conjugate regular Spanish verb endings according to whether the verb ends in -ar, -er or -ir. In future lessons we will look at irregular verbs connected with El Pretérito Imperfecto, typical phrases and key words used with El Pretérito Imperfecto, el verbo Soler (the verb “Used to”), the different uses of El Pretérito Imperfecto and the differences between El Pretérito Imperfecto and El Pretérito Indefinido.

Lesson notes:

-AR
Hablar: to speak
(yo) hablaba: I spoke /I used to speak /I was speaking
(tú) hablabas: you spoke /you used to speak /you were speaking (informal)
(usted) hablaba: you spoke /you used to speak /you were speaking (formal)
(él/ella) hablaba: he-she spoke/he-she used to speak /he-she was speaking
(nosotros/as) hablábamos: we spoke/we used to speak /we were speaking
(vosotros/as) hablabais: you spoke/you used to speak /you were speaking (group/informal)
(ustedes) hablaban: you spoke/you used to speak /you were speaking (group/formal)
(ellos/as) hablaban: they spoke/they used to speak /they were speaking

-ER/-IR
Comer: to eat
(yo) comía: I ate/I used to eat /I was eating
(tú) comías: you ate /you used to eat /you were eating (informal)
(usted) comía: you ate/you used to eat /you were eating (formal)
(él/ella) comía: he-she ate/he-she used to eat /he-she was eating
(nosotros/as) comíamos: we ate/we used to eat /we were eating
(vosotros/as) comíais: you ate/you used to eat /you were eating (group/informal)
(ustedes) comían: you ate/you used to eat /you were eating (group/formal)
(ellos/as) comían: they ate/they used to eat /they were eating

Activity:

Translate the following…

I used to read
He was working
Were you talking? (one person/informal)
They used to live
We used to dance

Here are some possible answers to the last activity:

Hizo
Dijimos
Dijeron
Hice
Dijeron

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