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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn more about the Spanish Past Perfect – El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto. The Spanish Past Perfect grammar tense is formed with the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb Haber and a past participle. Haber is conjugated: había, habías, había, habíamos, habíais, habían and past participles are formed by dropping the infinitive endings and adding either -ado or -ido (except with some verbs that have irregular past participles). The Spanish Past Perfect tense is used to describe a past action that was completed prior to another action in the past. This is the second Spanish lesson in a series of three videos on the topic of the Spanish Past Perfect El Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto and here we will look specifically at its irregular verbs. Irregular verbs pop up in all of the main grammar tenses. These are verbs which don’t unfortunately follow the general rules which apply to conjugating the majority of the verbs in that grammar tense. In the previous lesson we looked at the regular verbs in the Spanish Past Perfect and in the final video we will learn when exactly to use the Spanish Past Perfect with example sentences. Don’t forget also that although the majority of past participles are formed by adding either -ado or -ido there are also exceptions – irregular past participles – and it is a good idea to get yourself familiar with as many irregular Spanish past participles as possible.

Lesson notes:

Abrir – abierto: Opened
Resolver – resuelto: Resolved
Poner – puesto: Put
Hacer – hecho: Done
Cubrir – cubierto: Covered
Romper – roto: Broken
Volver – vuelto: Returned
Descubrir – descubierto: Discovered
Escribir – escrito: Written
Decir – dicho: Said
Ver – visto: Seen

Activity:

Translate the following…

He had written
We had opened
What had you said? (formal)
They had covered
What had you done? (group)

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Habíamos comido
Habían hablado
Había tenido
¿Dónde habías vivido?
Habían leído

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