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This lesson is part of the Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 8 mins)


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In this video lesson we are going to learn how to use the Present Subjunctive in Spanish – El Presente de Subjuntivo – in negative sentences with Spanish Indefinite Pronouns. This follows on from the previous video lesson which demonstrated how to use El Presente de Subjuntivo in questions with Spanish Indefinite Pronouns. A Pronoun is simply a short word that stands for or represents a noun (a word used to identify people, places, things, or ideas) or a noun phrase and is identified only in the context of the sentence in which it is used. Indefinite Pronouns are pronouns which don’t refer to a particular person or thing. Just like in English, most Spanish Indefinite Pronouns often function as adjectives and sometimes as adverbs. Examples of Indefinite Pronouns in English are Someone (alguien), Nothing (nada) and Something (algo). Some Spanish Indefinite Pronouns exist in both singular and plural, masculine and feminine forms and so they must agree with the nouns they refer to. We have already looked in some detail at the Present Subjunctive in Spanish and I recommend that you go back and review those video lessons before or just after watching this new lesson.

Lesson notes:

No hay (nadie/nada/ningún-a + noun) + que + subjuntivo: There is (nobody/nothing/no + noun) that + subjuntive.
No hay nadie que escuche a los demás: There is nobody who listens to the others.
No hay (ningún-a + noun) + donde + subjuntivo: There is (no + noun) where + subjuntive.
No hay ningún hotel donde pueda dormir esta noche: There is no hotel where I can sleep tonight.

Hay poco/a/os/as + noun + que + subjuntivo: There is/are (little/few + noun) that + subjunctive
Hay poca gente que quiera fumar aquí: There are few people who want to smoke here
Hay poco/a/os/as + noun + donde + subjuntivo: There/are is (little/few + noun) where + subjunctive
Hay pocos lugares donde podamos ir sin coche: There are few places where we can go without a car.

Activity:

Make negative sentnces with this information…

Tienda/vender tarjetas
Señoras/respetar las colas
Americanos/comer chorizo
Españoles/ser vegetarianos
Pueblos/ haber centros comerciales

Here are some possible answers for the last activity:

¿Hay algún restaurante que tenga comida australiana?
¿Conoces a alguien que viva en una isla?
¿Sabes si hay alguna tienda que venda ropa para bebés?
¿Conoces a alguna persona que trabaje en París?
¿Hay alguna ropa que sirva para invierno y verano?

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