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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)

Pre Intermediate Spanish Course

Pre-Intermediate Spanish Lesson 66: Spanish Imperatives (Part 4)

This is the final Spanish lesson in a series of four videos about Spanish Imperatives. In this lesson we are going to see some example sentences using the negative Spanish Imperative. The Spanish Imperative is used to give a direct order, to give instructions, to make an invitation, on signs and notices and to give friendly, informal advice. In English the positive Imperative is constructed very simply with the use of the base verb with no alterations for all persons. In Spanish it is more complicated as we need to learn how to construct different Spanish verb endings for tú, usted, vosotros and ustedes depending on whether the verb ends in -ar, -er or -ir and be aware of the various irregular verbs as well. However, the construction of negative Spanish Imperative sentences is very straightforward, just as it is in English. In English we add “Don’t…” to make negative Imperative sentences such as “Don’t shout” or “Don’t be afraid” and in Spanish we add “No…” in a similar way. In the previous Spanish lessons in this series we saw how to construct the verb endings for the Spanish Imperative regular verbs, how to use Spanish Imperatives with direct object pronouns and negative irregular Spanish Imperatives. I recommend that you review those lessons before or just after watching this new Spanish lesson.

Lesson notes:

To give instructions:
No coja esa calle: Don’t take that street (formal)
No giren a la izquierda: Don’t turn left (formal/group)

To give orders:
No abras la ventana: Don’t open the window
No bebáis cafe: Don’t drink coffee (group)

To give advice or suggestions:
No coma pasteles: Don’t eat cakes (formal)
No trabajen demasiado: Don’t work too much (formal/group)

Activity:

Translate the following…

Don’t close the door (formal)
Don’t drink alcohol (group)
Don’t turn right
Don’t take that street (group/formal)
Don’t study too much

Here are the answers to the last activity:

No vengas
No lo/la hagáis
No vaya
No los/las pongan
No salgas

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