This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)

Pre Intermediate Spanish Course

Pre-Intermediate Spanish Lesson 65: Spanish Imperatives (Part 3)

This is the third Spanish lesson in a series of four videos about Spanish Imperatives. In this lesson we are going to learn negative irregular Spanish Imperatives with Spanish verbs that do not follow the usual regular Imperative grammar rules. These verbs include Oir (to listen), Poner (to put) and Tener (to have). There are no common rules as to how to construct their endings for the Spanish Imperative, it is simply a question of remembering each individual ending for each verb. Irregular Spanish verbs pop up in all of the major grammar tenses, but don’t worry too much about them as there are never that many and the vast majority of verbs follow the general grammar rules. We can use the Spanish Imperative to give a direct order, to give instructions, to make an invitation, on signs and notices and to give friendly, informal advice. In English the Imperative is constructed very simply with the use of the base verb with no alterations for all persons. Unfortunately for you, the Spanish student, it is slightly more complicated in Spanish. We need to learn how to construct different Spanish verb endings for tú, usted, vosotros and ustedes depending on whether the verb ends in -ar, -er or -ir. In the previous Spanish lessons in this series we saw how to construct the verb endings for the Spanish Imperative regular verbs and how to use Spanish Imperatives with direct object pronouns. In the next lesson we will see some example sentences using the negative Imperative in Spanish.

Lesson notes:

Oir: no oigas, no oiga, no oigáis, no oigan (don’t listen)
Salir: no salgas, no salga, no salgáis, no salgan (don’t leave)
Hacer: no hagas, no haga, no hagáis, no hagan (don’t do, don’t make)
Poner: no pongas, no ponga, no pongáis, no pongan (don’t put)
Venir: no vengas, no venga, no vengáis, no vengan (don’t come)
Decir: no digas, no diga, no digáis, no digan (don’t say, don’t tell)
Tener: no tengas, no tenga, no tengáis, no tengan (don’t have)
Ir: no vayas, no vaya, no vayáis, no vayan (don’t go)

Activity:

Translate the following…

Don’t come (informal)
Don’t do it (group/informal)
Don’t go (formal)
Don’t put them (group/formal)
Don’t leave (informal)

Here are the answers to the last activity:

No lo use
No la uséis
No las comas
No lo beban
No los coman

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