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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn more about Spanish imperatives (orders, instructions & suggestions) and analyse irregular Spanish imperatives. This is the second in a series of three Spanish video lessons looking at Spanish imperatives. In the previous Spanish lesson we learned how to make regular Spanish imperatives for Spanish verbs ending in -ar, -er and -ir and in the next video lesson we will see examples of Spanish imperatives in use in typical sentences. Spanish imperatives are more complicated to construct than English imperatives because the Spanish imperatives change according to who we are speaking to and whether we wish to speak formally or informally. They are complicated even further by the fact there are also irregular Spanish imperatives that follow no rules whatsoever. This can be a little tricky at first, but relax, take it steady and don’t try to remember every verb in the imperative immediately. There are occasions when English is much more complicated than Spanish and other times when, unfortunately for you, Spanish is more complicated than English. In English the imperative is extremely easy. When we want to give a command or an instruction the verb doesn’t change from its base form. For example we would say: “open the window”, “come here”, “kick the ball”, “speak slower”, etc. What can I say? Sorry!

Lesson notes:

Oir: oye, oiga, oid, oigan (listen, hear)
Salir: sal, salga, salid, salgan (leave)
Hacer: haz, haga, haced, hagan (do, make)
Poner: pon, ponga, poned, pongan (put)
Venir: ven, venga, venid, vengan (come)
Decir: di, diga, decid, digan (say, tell)
Tener: ten, tenga, tened, tengan (have)
Ir: ve, vaya, id, vayan (go)

Activity:

Translate the following…

Go to the pharmacy and buy aspirins, please!
Come here! (group/formal)
Do your homework! (group)
Listen, where is the supermarket? (formal)
Put the books there!

Here are the answers to the last activity:

¡Trabajad!
¡Estudien!
¡Corre!
¡Lea el libro!
¡Cierra la puerta!

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