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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn how to make regular Spanish imperatives (orders, instructions & suggestions) for Spanish verbs ending in -ar, -er and -ir. This is the first in a series of three Spanish video lessons looking at Spanish imperatives. In the next two video lessons we will also look at how to make irregular Spanish imperatives and examples of Spanish imperatives in use in typical sentences. Spanish imperatives are more complicated to construct than English imperatives because the Spanish imperatives change according to who we are speaking to and whether we wish to speak formally or informally. This can be a little tricky at first, but relax, take it steady and don’t try to remember every verb in the imperative immediately. There are occasions when English is much more complicated than Spanish and other times when, unfortunately for you, Spanish is more complicated than English. In English the imperative is extremely easy. When we want to give a command or an instruction the verb doesn’t change from its base form. For example we would say: “open the window”, “come here”, “kick the ball”, “speak slower”, etc. In Spanish you have to change the verb as you will see with the examples given in the lesson of Spanish verbs ending in -ar, -er and -ir.

Lesson notes:

-AR:
For example: Mirar:
(Tú) mira: look
(Usted) mire: look (formal)
(Vosotros) mirad: look (group)
(Ustedes) miren: look (formal/group)
-ER:
For example: Comer:
(Tú) come: eat
(Usted) coma: eat (formal)
(Vosotros) comed: eat (group)
(Ustedes) coman: eat (formal/group)
-IR:
For example: Abrir:
(Tú) abre: open
(Usted) abra: open (formal)
(Vosotros) abrid: open (group)
(Ustedes) abran (formal/group)

Activity:

Translate the following…

Work! (group)
Study! (formal/group)
Run!
Read the book! (formal)
Close the door!

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Creo que esta película es muy interesante. ¿Tú qué crees?
Para mí, la sopa está fría.
¿Qué opinas sobre el yoga?
En mi opinion, el yoga es un ejercicio bueno para cuerpo y mente.

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