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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn how to express need and interest using el verbo “preferir” – the verb “to prefer” in Spanish (I prefer, you prefer, he/she/it prefers, we prefer, you prefer, they prefer). In the previous two Spanish lessons we looked at other Spanish verbs used to express need and interest: el verbo “necesitar” (to need) and el verbo “querer” (to want). We learned how to conjugate (modify from its base form) these Spanish verbs for each of the different persons: yo, tú, usted, él, ella, nosotros, vosotros, ustedes and ellos and here we will do exactly the same thing with “preferir” and then practice making typical sentences using this Spanish verb such as “I prefer to go” – “Prefiero ir” or “I don’t prefer to go” – “No prefiero ir”. You will see how easy it is to construct negative Spanish sentences (with the insertion of “no”) and questions in Spanish (with added “question” tone of voice only). Try to practice conjugating any new Spanish verb you encounter as much as you can until you remember it off by heart. The more you do it, the quicker you will get as you start to get a feel for each of the verb endings according to the person.

Lesson notes:

Preferir: to prefer
(yo) prefiero: I prefer
(tú) prefieres: you prefer
(usted) prefiere: you prefer (formal)
(él/ella) prefiere: he/she prefers
(nosotros) preferimos: we prefer
(vosotros) preferís: you (group) prefer
(ustedes) prefieren: you (group) prefer(formal)
(ellos) prefieren: they prefer
Prefiero el pescado: I prefer fish.
Prefiero + infinitivo: I prefer to…
Prefiero ir: I prefer to go
No Prefiero ir: I don´t prefer to go
¿Prefieres este coche?: do you prefer this car?


Translate the following…

Do you prefer to go to Madrid or to Barcelona?
Miriam prefers to drink orange juice.
We prefer this train.
Do you (group/formal) prefer to eat in a restaurant?
I prefer to read.

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Antonio quiere una chaqueta.
No quiero comer estas aceitunas.
¿Quiere algo?
Queremos ir a Barcelona en autobús.
Quieren tortilla de patata.

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