This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)
In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn how to express suggestions and obligations in Spanish using Tener que (to have to). This is part one of a series of three video lessons on the topic. In the next lesson we will look at how to say Must in Spanish (deber) – I must, you must, he/she/it must, we must, you must, they must and then in the third and final video we will see the Spanish verb Hay que which translates to One has to in English. As ever with all Spanish verbs, we need to know how to conjugate/modify from its base form the verb for all the persons. With I have to… for example, we say Tengo que… in Spanish and for You have to… we say Tienes que… We will practice here first how to conjugate the verb and then how to use it with typical example sentences and Spanish verbs we have already seen in this course. I recommend that you make up many more of your own example sentences in Spanish to practice and remember this Spanish verb of suggestion and obligation.
Tener que + infinitivo: To have to + infinitive
(Yo) tengo que: I have to
Tengo que estudiar: I have to study
(Tú) tienes que: You have to
Tienes que trabajar más: You have to work more
(Usted) tiene que: You have to (formal)
Tiene que trababjar más: You have to work more
(Él/ella) tiene que: He/she has to
Marta tiene que ir a Madrid: Marta has to go to Madrid
(Nosotros) tenemos que: We have to
Tenemos que hablar: We have to talk
(Vosotros) tenéis que: You have to (group)
Tenéis que comer pescado: You have to eat fish (group)
(Ustedes) tienen que: You have to (formal/group)
Tienen que comer pescado: You have to eat fish (Formal/group)
(Ellos) tienen que: They have to
Marcos y Pablo tienen que visitar a sus padres: Marcos and Pablo have to visit their parents
Translate the following…
I have to go to the doctor.
You have to watch this program.
We have to study a lot.
Roberto and Sonia have to smoke less.
¿Do you have to study now? (group/formal)
Here are the answers to the last activity:
Voy a leer un libro esta noche.
Va a trabajar mañana.
¿Vas a estar en Madrid la semana que viene/la próxima semana?
Van a ir a Brasil el mes que viene / el próximo mes.
¿Van a comprar el pan luego / más tarde?