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This lesson is part of the Pre-Intermediate Spanish Course
(69 Spanish video or mp3 lessons. 4 hrs 41 mins)


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In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn how to express suggestions and obligations in Spanish using the Spanish verb Deber (must). This is part two of a series of three video lessons on the topic. In the previous lesson we looked at how to say Have to in Spanish (Tener que) – I have to, you have to, he/she/it has to, we have to, you have to, they have to and then in the third and final video we will see the Spanish verb Hay que which translates to One has to in English. As ever with all Spanish verbs, we need to know how to conjugate/modify from its base form the verb for all the persons. With I must… for example, we say Debo… in Spanish and for You must… we say Debes… We will practice here first how to conjugate the verb and then how to use it with typical example sentences and Spanish verbs we have already seen in this course. I recommend that you make up many more of your own example sentences in Spanish to practice and remember this Spanish verb of suggestion and obligation.

Lesson notes:

Deber: Must
(yo) debo: I must
Debo estudiar: I must study
(tú) debes: You must
Debes trabajar más: You must work more
(usted) debe: You must(formal)
Debe trababjar más: You must work more
(Él/ella) debe: He/she must
Marta debe ir a Madrid: Marta must go to Madrid
(nosotros) debemos: We must
Debemos hablar: We must talk
(vosotros) debéis: You must (group)
Debéis comer pescado: You must eat fish (group)
(ustedes) deben: You must (formal/group)
Deben comer pescado: You must eat fish (Formal/group)
(ellos) deben: They must
Marcos y Pablo deben visitar a sus padres: Marcos and Pablo must visit their parents

Activity:

Translate the following…

You must go to Galicia (group)
Ana must wash the dishes
I must speak to my brother
You must listen to the radio (formal)
We must sleep more

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Tengo que ir al médico.
Tienes que ver este programa.
Tenemos que estudiar mucho.
Roberto y Sonia tienen que fumar menos.
¿Tienen que estudiar ahora?

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