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The Spanish Present Tense and how to describe things that we usually do using the ten regular Spanish verbs that we learned in the previous Spanish lesson. In this lesson we will see how to conjugate regular Spanish verbs: how to know which endings we put on the verb according to the different person. Regular Spanish verbs which finish in “-ar” in their infinitive/base form such as “hablar” (“to speak”), for example, change their endings to “-o” in the first person (I/Yo). So if you want to say “I speak” you must say “Yo hablo” or simply “Hablo” if you prefer. The key is to remember each of the different verb conjugations according to whether the verb ends in “-ar”, “-er” or “-ir”. The first time most students see this lesson they feel a little overwhelmed with all of the different combinations, but don’t get disheartened as it really isn’t as difficult as it first appears. With patience and practice you will find yourself remembering the endings much quicker than you would have expected. As always, practice makes perfect, you won’t remember them unless you practice!

Lesson notes:

-AR endings:
-o: yo hablo (I speak) / trabajo (I work) / escucho (I listen) / compro (I buy)
-as: tú hablas (you speak) / trabajas (you work) / escuchas (you listen) / compras (you buy)
-a: usted habla (you speak) / trabaja (you work) / escucha (you listen) / compra (you buy) Formal
-a: el / ella habla (he/she speaks) / trabaja (he/she works) / escucha (he/she listens) / compra (he/she buys)

-ER endings:
-o: yo como (I eat) / bebo (I drink) / leo (I read) / comprendo (I understand)
-es: tú comes (you eat) / bebes (you drink) / lees (you read) / comprendes (you understand)
-e: usted come (you eat) / bebe (you drink) / lee (you read) / comprende (you understand) Formal
-e: el / ella come (he/she eats) / bebe (he/she drinks) / lee (he/she reads) / comprende (he/she understands)

-IR endings:
-o: yo vivo (I live) / escribo (I write)
-es: tú vives (you live) / escribes (you write)
-e: usted vive (you live) / escribe (you write) Formal
-e: el / ella vive (he/she lives) / escribe (he/she writes)

Activity:

Translate the following…

I write:
He speaks:
You read (formal):
She buys:
You work:

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Comprar
Escribir
Beber
Comprender
Hablar

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