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In this Spanish video lesson we are going to learn how to use reflexive Spanish verbs in the Spanish present tense. We will learn some commonly used reflexive Spanish verbs, such as “despertarse” (to wake up), “levantarse” (to get up) and “vestirse” (to get dressed) and use the verb “levantarse” to show how we conjugate (modify a verb from its base form) reflexive Spanish verbs in the present tense. Reflexive Spanish verbs are those verbs where the subject of the verb is also its object. Verbs are used the same way in English, however reflexive Spanish verbs are often called for when a different way of wording the sentence would be applied in English and this can make things a little complicated. Try not to translate everything literally and give yourself time to get accustomed to the different way that the Spanish language works. An example sentence using a reflexive Spanish verb is “John se duchar” (John is showering himself). Here John is both the subject (the one showering) and the object (the one being showered). “Se” is the reflexive pronoun and typically precedes the verb.

Lesson notes:

Reflexive verbs indicate that the action of the verb reflects back on the subject (the person doing the action). In their infinitive forms, reflexive verbs end in -se. The reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, nos, os, se) must be included with the verb, even if the subject pronoun (yo, tú, él, etc.) is not.

Examples of reflexive verbs:

Despertarse: To wake up
Levantarse: To get up
Ducharse: To have a shower
Lavarse: To wash yourself
Lavarse el pelo / los dientes … : To wash your hair / teeth …
Vestirse: To get dressed
Peinarse: To comb your hair
Ponerse: To put something on
Quitarse: To take something off
Acostarse: To go to bed

How to use reflexive verbs in present tense:

Levantarse

(Yo) me levanto: I get up
(Tú) te levantas: you get up
(Usted) se levanta: you get up (formal)
(Él/ella) se levanta: he /she gets up
(Nosotros) nos levantamos: we get up
(Vosotros) os levantáis: you get up (group)
(Ustedes) se levantan: you get up (group/formal)
(Ellos) se levantan: they get up

Activity:

Conjugate (modify from its base form) the reflexive Spanish verb “Ducharse” (to shower) correctly for all persons (yo, tú, usted, él/ella, nosotros, vosotros, ellos)…

I shower:
You shower:
You shower (formal)
He/she showers:
We shower:
You shower (group):
You shower (group/formal):
They shower:

Here are the answers to the last activity:

-Hola buenos días.
-Buenos días.
-Necesito información sobre el tren de Santander a Madrid.
-¿Para qué día?
-Para el 28 de abril.
-Hay un tren que sale a las nueve y media y llega a la una y media.
-Vale, ¿Cuánto cuesta?
-¿Ida o ida y vuelta?
-Ida y vuelta.
-Cuesta (30, 50€) treinta euros con cincuenta.
-¿Puedo reservar dos plazas?
-Sí. Son (61€) sesenta y un euros.
-Aquí tiene, muchas gracias.

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