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In this Spanish lesson we are going to see examples of questions and answers in Spanish with reflexive Spanish verbs. Questions in Spanish are very easy to construct and here we will practise with the verbs: “ducharse” (to shower) and “acostarse” (to go to bed). In the previous lesson we introduced some commonly used reflexive Spanish verbs, such as “despertarse” (to wake up), “levantarse” (to get up) and “vestirse” (to get dressed) and then practised using reflexive Spanish verbs in the Spanish present tense. Reflexive Spanish verbs are those verbs where the subject of the verb is also its object. Verbs are often used the same way in English, however reflexive Spanish verbs are often called for when a different way of wording the sentence would be applied in English and this can make things a little complicated. Try not to translate everything literally and give yourself time to get accustomed to the different way that the Spanish language works. An example sentence using a reflexive Spanish verb is “John se duchar” (John is showering himself). Here John is both the subject (the one showering) and the object (the one being showered). “Se” is the reflexive pronoun and typically precedes the verb.

Lesson notes:

Reflexive verbs indicate that the action of the verb reflects back on the subject (the person doing the action). In their infinitive forms, reflexive verbs end in -se. The reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, nos, os, se) must be included with the verb, even if the subject pronoun (yo, tú, él, etc.) is not.

Examples of questions and answers with reflexive Spanish verbs:

¿Cuándo te duchas?: When do you shower?
¿Cuándo se ducha?: When do you shower?(formal)
Me ducho por la mañana: I shower in the morning.
¿Cuándo os ducháis?: When do you shower?(group)
¿Cuándo se duchan?:When do you shower?(group/formal)
Nos duchamos por la mañana: We shower in the morning.
¿Cuándo se ducha Antonio?: When does Antonio shower?
Antonio se ducha por la mañana: Antonio showers in the morning.
¿Cuándo se duchan Antonio y Carmen?: When do Antonio and Carmen shower?
Antonio y Carmen se duchan por la mañana: Antonio y Carmen shower in the morning.
¿A qué hora te acuestas ?: At what time do you go to bed?
¿A qué hora se acuesta ? At what time do you go to bed?(formal)
Me acuesto a las once de la noche: I go to bed at eleven at night.
¿A qué hora os acostáis? At what time do you go to bed?(group)
¿A qué hora se acuestan? At what time do you go to bed?(group/formal)
Nos acostamos a las once de la noche: We go to bed at eleven at night.
¿A qué hora se acuesta Antonio?: At what time does Antonio go to bed?
Antonio se acuesta a las once de la noche: Antonio goes to bed at eleven at night.
¿A qué hora se acuestan Antonio y Carmen? At what time do Antonio and Carmen go to bed?
Antonio y Carmen se acuestan a las once de la noche: Antonio and Carmen go to bed at eleven at night.


Answer the following questions…

¿A qué hora te lavas los dientes? (8.30am)
¿A qué hora te duchas? (9.00am)
¿A qué hora os acostáis? (11.30pm)
¿A qué hora se levanta Pedro? (7.15am)
¿A qué hora se lavan el pelo Carla y Teresa? (9.00pm)

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Me ducho
Te duchas
Se ducha
Se ducha
Nos duchamos
Os ducháis
Se duchan
Se duchan

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