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Comprehensive, fun, easy-to-follow Spanish courses of video lessons (with notes), conversation audios (with transcripts), interactive exercises (with answers), and texts (with transcripts).

THIS VIDEO / MP3 LESSON IS AVAILABLE WITH THE FULL BEGINNER SPANISH COURSE

 

In this Spanish lesson we are going to learn some irregular Spanish verbs in the present tense that change letters within them from I to Y. Irregularities like this are tricky and a bit of a headache, but there are irregularities in every language and it is never as difficult as it first appears to conquer them. Here we see how certain Spanish verbs, such as “Construir” (to build), change in the Spanish present tense (things we usually do) for the persons: yo, tú, usted, él, ella, ustedes and ellos. As you see, this rule does not apply to nosotros and vosotros. With yo/I, for example, you might think that “I build” would be: “yo construio”. This would be the most logical conjugation (modification of the verb from its base form) following the rules of conjugating “regular” Spanish verbs in the present tense. However, with “Construir” (and other verbs we will see in this lesson) we change the “I” to “Y” and say “yo construyo”. This is the fifth and final Spanish lesson on this subject. Be patient and don’t try to remember everything all at once.

Lesson notes:

Construir: to build
(yo) construyo: I build
(tú) construyes: you build
(usted) construye: you build (formal)
(él/ella) construye: he/she builds
(nosotros) construimos: we build
(vosotros) construís: you (group) build
(ustedes) construyen: you (group) build (formal)
(ellos) construyen: they build
Destruir: to destroy
Oir: to hear
Huir: to escape

Activity:

Translate the following…

We escape
He hears
I destroy
You build
You escape (formal)

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Doy

Digo
Pongo
Vengo

 

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