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In this Spanish lesson we will learn another irregular Spanish verb rule where the verbs are regular in all instances except with the first person (Yo/I). Irregularities like this are tricky and a bit of a headache, but there are irregularities in every language and it is never as difficult as it first appears to conquer them. Here we see how certain Spanish verbs, such as “Conocer” (to know), change in the Spanish present tense (things we usually do) for the first person only: yo/I. You might think that “I know” would be: “yo conoco”. This would be the most logical conjugation (modification of the verb from its base form) following the rules of conjugating “regular” Spanish verbs in the present tense. However, with “Conocer” (and other verbs we will see in this lesson) the verb conjugation/modification is quite different and we say: “yo conozco”. With these irregular verbs there is no mutual rule to follow, you simply have to try to remember all of the different combinations. This is the fourth in a series of five Spanish lessons on this subject so be patient and don’t try to remember everything all at once.

Lesson notes:

Conocer: to know (people or places)
(yo) conozco: I know
Saber: to know (information)
(yo) Sé: I know
Traducir: to translate
(yo) traduzco: I translate
Dar: to give
(yo) doy: I give
Salir: to go out
(yo) salgo: I go out
Hacer: to do / to make
(yo) hago: I do
Poner: to put
(yo) pongo: I put
Venir: to come
(yo) vengo: I come
Decir: to say
(yo) digo: I say
Tener: to have
(yo) tengo: I have
Oir: to hear
(yo) oigo: I hear

Activity:

Translate the following…

I give
I know (information)
I say
I put
I come

Here are the answers to the last activity:

Sirves
Me visto
Piden
Sirven
Nos vestimos

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